2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
Lydia Sukharevskaya - Soviet theater and film actress, screenwriter. Known for her diverse roles of women with complex characters or some oddities. For creative merits, she is the owner of the Stalin Prize of the first degree and the title of People's Artist of the USSR. Biography, creative path and personal life of Lydia Sukharevskaya - more on this later in the article.
Lidiya Petrovna Sukharevskaya was born on August 17, 1909 in the village of Popovkino, Vologda province. It is curious that Lydia's father's name was Pavel, but at the beginning of her acting career she changed her middle name to "Petrovna", believing that "Pavlovna" resembles "palkina" and sounds inappropriate for an artist. When Lida was seven years old, the family moved to Gryazovets. The girl's main hobbies were reading and needlework - at the age of 11 she went to the school cutting and sewing club. It turned out that almost all the girls from this circle also attended a drama circle - Lida also went there with them, beforethinking about acting. However, the very first classes captured her so much that sewing and other needlework were forgotten, now she saw only one goal in front of her - the stage.
In 1924, Lida's father died, together with her mother and grandmother she moved to Leningrad. During the summer holidays, 15-year-old Lida worked as a laborer at a construction site, as an assistant in a sewing studio, and as a manicurist in a hairdressing salon. At the Leningrad school, the girl also went to the drama club.
In 1927, after graduating from school, Lydia became a student at the First State Actors Studio. She knew that her family could not pay for the training, and went to the audition just out of interest. But the admissions committee liked the talented applicant so much that they wrote down the payment for her education on the account of household expenses. During her studies, the aspiring actress Lydia Sukharevskaya appeared on stage in the roles of Lady Anna ("Richard the Third", Shakespeare), Lucille ("The Tradesman in the Nobility", Moliere) and Mary Stuart in the play of the same name by Schiller, even then demonstrating the ability to play completely different heroines.
After graduating from the studio in 1930, Lidia Petrovna managed to work on the stages of the Agit-Theatre, LenTRAM and the Radio Committee Theatre. In 1933, she received an invitation to the Comedy Theater, where she finally found her place, having worked there for 11 years. The first role on the stage of the Comedy Theater for Lydia Sukharevskaya was Tanya - in the play "Road of Flowers" based on the play by Valentin Kataev.
In 1939, Lydia Sukharevskaya first tried her hand at cinema, playing the comical noble daughter Belandryasa Petrovna in Alexander Row's Vasilisa the Beautiful. The actress's comedic talent manifested itself in full in this role, and in 1941 she was invited to a similar role of a "grotesque woman" - she played the barmaid Vera in the film "Derbent Tanker", clumsy, naive, funny and sad at the same time.
In 1942, the actress, along with the theater, was evacuated to Stalinabad (modern Dushanbe, Tajikistan). There she continued to play on stage and act in films, for which in 1943 she was awarded the title of Honored Artist of the Tajik SSR. In the same year, two films with Lydia Sukharevskaya were released - "Lermontov" and "We are from the Urals", shot by the Soyuzdetfilm studio, which was also evacuated in Stalinabad.
In 1944, the Comedy Theater returned from evacuation, and Lidia Petrovna decided to leave it, as she was pregnant. She managed to star in Mikhail Romm's film "Man Number 217" and left acting for a while.
The beginning of Moscow creativity
In 1946, Lidia Sukharevskaya simultaneously returned to the cinema and to the stage. She moved to Moscow and became an actress in three theaters at once - the name of Mayakovsky, the Film Actor and Satire. In the same year, a film with her participation called "Sons" was released.
By the end of the forties actressmanaged to act in four films, simultaneously playing in four performances of the Film Actor Theater, one of the Satire Theater and three more in Mayakovka. Among the outstanding stage roles of that time were Gedda Gabler and Sofia Kovalevskaya in the performances of the same name.
The fifties were marked for the actress by more intense work in the cinema - at that time she played several outstanding roles, including Nadezhda Nikolaevna Rimskaya-Korsakova in the 1952 biopic about the composer, Anna Ivanovna in the comedy "She Loves You" (1956), Raisa Peterson in the historical drama "Duel" (1957), secretary Valentina Ivanovna in the production drama "Rain" (1958).
Life over again
In 1960, Lidia Petrovna decided to try her hand as a screenwriter and wrote the play "Carrying in itself", according to which a performance was staged on the stage of the Film Actor's Theater. Sukharevskaya wrote the main role for herself and, as planned, performed it on stage. The plot of the play tells about the fate of front-line friends who find it very difficult to recover and start living again after the war. In 1961, the script became the basis for the film Life Again. As in the play, the actress played the main role in this picture. Critics and colleagues highly appreciated the writing talent of Lydia Sukharevskaya, which until that time had not manifested itself in any way. Later, she wrote two more scripts - for the performances "Carrying in itself" and "At the ball of luck".
The name of the film seemed to have become the motto for the further work of the actress. In 1963, she left the stages of the Mayakovsky, Satire and Film Actor theaters, moving to the theater on Malaya Bronnaya. Here, for the first time, Lidia Petrovna performed relatively age-related roles, such as Clara Tsekhanasyan in the play "The Visit of the Old Lady" and Mother in the production of the same name. Her directorial debut took place on this stage - together with Elena Yakushkina, she staged a biographical play about the life of Edith Piaf called "At the Ball of Luck", playing the role of the famous singer.
In 1974, Lidia Sukharevskaya returned to the Mayakovsky Theater, where she continued to play until the end of her life. In 1975, the premiere of the play "Old Fashioned Comedy" took place, in which the actress played the role of Lydia Gerber. Her performance was recognized as the best, despite the fact that in the second cast Gerber was performed by the great Alisa Freindlich.
In the same year, a television version of the play was released, where Sukharevskaya performed the same role. The popularity of the production and letters from the audience with requests to re-broadcast this performance restored Lidia Petrovna's lost status as a talented film actress, and in 1976 she played a major role in another television play - "The Importance of Being Earnest" based on Oscar Wilde's play.
The last film work for the actress was the role of a Frenchwoman of Russian origin Elizaveta Maksimovna in the 1981 film "The Driver for One Flight". Lidia Petrovna's partnersOleg Efremov and Lidia Fedoseeva-Shukshina were on the set.
Lidiya Petrovna married Boris Tenin, a stage colleague at the Leningrad Comedy Theater, in 1935. She was 26 years old, he was 30, for her it was the first marriage, and for Tenin - the third. But for both - the first and last love, because since then the couple have never parted, making up many famous duets - both on stage and on the screen. Together they were evacuated, together they decided to leave the Comedy Theater and move to Moscow. Were there children in the personal lives of Lydia Sukharevskaya and Boris Tenin? In 1945, the couple had a son, Mikhail. Lydia Sukharevskaya could not have more children - late pregnancy affected. Spouses Lidia Petrovna and Boris Mikhailovich in the photo below.
In 1946 they became actors together at the Mayakovsky Theatre, where in 1975 they made up their most successful duet in the production of "Old Fashioned Comedy". In addition, together the spouses-actors appeared in the performances "The Road to New York", "Shadow" (Leningrad Comedy Theatre), "Sofya Kovalevskaya" (Film Actor Theatre), "The House Where Hearts Break" (Satire Theatre), "Mother ", "Golden Carriage", "Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station", "Visit of the Old Lady" (Mayakovsky Theater). They also appeared together in the films "Lermontov", "For the Power of the Soviets", "Duel" and others.
Lidiya Petrovna and Boris Mikhailovich lived in a happy marriage for 55 years - they were separatedTenin's death in September 1990. Without her beloved husband, Sukharevskaya, who remained a fairly youthful woman even at eighty, somehow suddenly grew old, faded and lost interest both in the stage and in life. Without Boris, she could only live for a year.
The actress passed away on October 11, 1991. She died in her sleep in her Moscow apartment. Since she was not sick with anything, relatives came to the conclusion that she died from grief and longing for her husband. She was buried at the Vagankovsky cemetery, in the same grave with Boris Tenin.
Until recently, the grave of the actors was in terrible desolation, which caused a negative reaction from fans of their work. The biography of the son of Sukharevskaya and Tenin is unknown, and therefore representatives of the directorate of the Mayakovsky Theater took up the matter. In 2013, they erected a new monument to honor the actors.
George Michael: biography, date and place of birth, albums, creativity, personal life, interesting facts, date and cause of death
George Michael was rightfully considered an icon of popular music in the UK. Although his songs are loved not only in Foggy Albion, but also in almost all countries. Everything to which he tried to apply his efforts was distinguished by inimitable style. And later, his musical compositions became classics at all … Michael George's biography, personal life, photos will be presented to your attention in the article
Vyacheslav Klykov, sculptor: biography, date and place of birth, awards, creativity, personal life, interesting facts, date and cause of death
It will be about the sculptor Klykov. This is a fairly famous person who created many unique and beautiful sculptural compositions. Let's talk in detail about his biography, and also consider aspects of his work
Vaclav Nijinsky: biography, date and place of birth, ballet, creativity, personal life, interesting facts and stories, date and cause of death
The biography of Vaslav Nijinsky should be well known to all fans of art, especially Russian ballet. This is one of the most famous and talented Russian dancers of the early 20th century, who became a true innovator of dance. Nijinsky was the main prima ballerina of Diaghilev's Russian Ballet, as a choreographer he staged "Afternoon of a Faun", "Til Ulenspiegel", "The Rite of Spring", "Games". He said goodbye to Russia in 1913, since then he lived in exile
The life and death of Leo Tolstoy: a brief biography, books, interesting and unusual facts about the life of the writer, date, place and cause of death
The death of Leo Tolstoy shocked the whole world. The 82-year-old writer died not in his own house, but in the house of a railway employee, at the Astapovo station, 500 km from Yasnaya Polyana. Despite his advanced age, in the last days of his life he was determined and, as always, was in search of the truth
Pasha 183: cause of death, date and place. Pavel Aleksandrovich Pukhov - biography, creativity, personal life, interesting facts and mysterious death
Moscow is the city where street art artist Pasha 183 was born, lived and died, called "Russian Banksy" by The Guardian newspaper. After his death, Banksy himself dedicated one of his works to him - he depicted a burning flame over a can of paint. The title of the article is comprehensive, so in the material we will get acquainted in detail with the biography, works and cause of death of Pasha 183