2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
A well-known Russian political scientist, journalist and public figure is famous for his sharp statements on topical issues of modern life and the history of the country. Vitaly Tretyakov is teaching at the Higher School of Television of Moscow State University. He is the owner and editor-in-chief of Nezavisimaya Gazeta and the author and host of an interesting program on the Kultura channel.
Vitaly Tovievich Tretyakov was born on January 2, 1953 in the capital of the country, Moscow. In a simple Soviet family. Father, Toviy Alekseevich Tretyakov, is an engineer, production manager of a pilot plant, a veteran of the Great Patriotic War. Mom, Nina Ivanovna Tretyakova, was a factory worker all her life. The journalist himself emphasizes that he comes from a simple family - not an intellectual one. However, the ancestors on the father's side were prosecutors and priests, and on the mother's side they were mainly teachers and doctors. His grandfather, a village priest, was repressed andshot in 1937.
On the paternal side comes from the environment of the Old Believers (according to family tradition). His grandfather Alexei Tretyakov worked in pre-revolutionary times as the personal driver of the famous millionaire Ryabushinsky. In Soviet times, he became the head of the shop at ZIL (then the automobile plant named after Stalin, then Likhachev).
I am Russian and proud of it
Due to the unusual middle name, Vitaly Tretyakov is often mistaken for a Jew. In his memoirs, he writes that the unusual patronymic did not cause much trouble. Because he is used to being constantly distorted. I met my patronymic in a variety of spellings: Tuvievich, Tofievich, Todievich, Dodievich, Iovlievich, Tolyevich, and even the natural Anatolyevich …
According to family legend, my father's grandmother Evdokia Mikhailovna gave birth to six boys, but she always dreamed of a girl. During her seventh pregnancy, her dream reached its climax. She even came up with a name for the girl, but not a simple one, but a literary one - Zemfira, according to Pushkin. However, she again gave birth to a boy, whom she named out of disappointment the name of a little-known biblical saint - Tobias. So grandmother Evdokia protested against the injustice of fate. And a boy appeared in a purely Russian family with an ordinary Jewish name. According to another family legend, Evdokia Mikhailovna decided not to invent something herself, but simply found the most intricate name in the calendar.
In childhood, Vitaly Tretyakov was very fond of reading, already at an early ageage read "Don Quixote" and almost all of Dreiser. He still has three books inherited from his father as a child - a biography of Joseph Stalin, his own selected speeches and speeches during the Great Patriotic War, and a volume from the collected works of Gogol (selected correspondence).
Vitaly Tovievich studied at secondary school No. 477, which was located on Bolshaya Kommunisticheskaya Street (now Alexander Solzhenitsyn Street). On holidays, schoolchildren were taken on excursions to Red Square. One of the most memorable experiences of Tretyakov's childhood was a visit to the Mausoleum, he saw Lenin alone (in civilian clothes), and together with Stalin (in a ceremonial tunic with many awards). The "mummies" of the leaders did not cause any special emotions in the little boy.
Beginning of journalism
After graduating in 1976 from the prestigious journalism faculty of Moscow State University, he was assigned to the Novosti news agency. In 1988, he went to work at the editorial office of the Moscow News newspaper, where he worked until 1990. Progressed from columnist to deputy editor-in-chief.
With the beginning of perestroika, he created Nezavisimaya Gazeta, where he worked as editor-in-chief until 2001. In 1995, one of his deputies Alexander Gagua, with the support of an oligarch from the “seven bankers”, tried to take away the newspaper. Only thanks to the financial and forceful support of Boris Berezovsky did he manage to retain control over the publication.
Vitaly Tretyakov in"Political Diary" noted that he personally knew many reformers of the 90s, and even made friends with some. Therefore, the results of the ongoing reforms became a severe disappointment for him. Despite this, liberal values are still close to him, however, Tretyakov is now stipulating - if they do not destroy the natural ones.
On the channel "Culture"
Since 2001, he moved to the position of General Director of the company "Independent Publishing Group "NIG'", which he himself owned. In the same year, he began to broadcast "What to do?" the first political talk shows in the country. The main goal of the program was to bring intellectualism, free from the current conjuncture, discussion of current political issues.
One of Tretyakov's first guests was Metropolitan Kirill of Smolensk and Kaliningrad, the current patriarch. Since then, the best Russian political scientists, scientists and well-known experts have taken part in the program. According to the audience, the program has become a true encyclopedia of Russian thought, in which many intellectuals of the country took part. In 2003, the project "What to do?" received the TEFI television award as the best journalistic program.
From 2005 to 2009 he published 60 issues of the magazine "Political class", where he was the publisher and editor-in-chief. In 2008 he organized the Higher School(Faculty) of Television of Moscow State University, which he has been heading since then and to the present. He teaches journalism at various higher educational institutions. He considers it historically incorrect that Russian universities are guided only by Western journalism textbooks. He tells his students to study not only classical Western theories of journalism, but also Marxist-Leninist.
In recent decades, he has been constantly and actively published on various social networks from LiveJournal (Vitaly Tretyakov's political diary) to Twitter. In his posts, he sets out his views on the most pressing problems. He has written dozens of books: from textbooks on the theory of journalism and television to political science.
The private life of Vitaly Tretyakov is long-established and quite prosperous. He is married, his wife is Olga Tretyakova. The couple already has an adult son.
Eminent modern political thinkers considers Yevgeny Primakov and the Orthodox Patriarch Kirill. He highly appreciates the work of philosopher Alexander Dugin and the work and work of political scientist Andranik Migranyan.
In the near future, the journalist plans to resume work on the third part of the memoirs, which will tell about his own life, as well as society and the country. He wants to put down on paper and convey to the audience his thoughts and details of contemporary political life. He also plans to write a second book about Vladimir Putin (first published in 2005) and continueconduct "Political diary of Vitaly Tretyakov" in "LiveJournal".
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