2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
Children's literature has always been and remains in demand, exerting an immense influence on kids. Several generations grew up on the books of their favorite authors, who were the first to show kids a clear line between good and evil, taught them to know the laws of nature, the rules of communication with each other, introduced them to history and other sciences in a presentation that was understandable to the child. Many ideals, taken from children's books written by Soviet writers, became the basis for the formation of a person's character. They remain in the mind of a person until the end of life.
Soviet children's writers - authors of books for the younger generation - are a kind of educators who have assumed moral and moral responsibility for the formation of a worthy personality. For the adult generation of Russians, these names evoke the most pleasant associations.
Soviet children's writers: Agniya Barto
Almost everyone is familiar with the poems of the Soviet poetess Agnia Barto. Family, pioneers, the life of Soviet schoolchildren are the main theme of her kind, often funny works, popular with both children and adults. ATAgniya Barto spoke the language of a real child, but in life she performed truly adult deeds: she found and returned hundreds of children scattered all over the country by the war to their families. The case, it would seem, is hopeless, because in childhood, few people know full information about themselves (address, physical signs, necessary names). But many children could remember the bright moments of life (how they rode with Egor on a sled, how a rooster pecked painfully between the eyes, how they played with their beloved dog Dzhulbars). It was these memories that Agniya Barto, who knew how to speak the language of the guys, used in her search.
For 9 years, she was the host of the Find a Man radio program, on the air of which she read unique signs from letters flying from all over the country every day. Only the first issue helped seven people find their families, and for all the time, under the strict guidance of Agnia Barto, who worked as a translator from the "children's language", 927 families managed to reunite.
Soviet writers: Eduard Uspensky
Eduard Uspensky is a prominent representative of Soviet children's writers. Gena the crocodile, Cheburashka, the postman Pechkin, the cat Matroskin, Uncle Fyodor - and today these cartoon characters remain loved and entered into every home.
The received engineering education did not prevent Eduard Uspensky from becoming a favorite children's author. His book heroes have successfully migrated to television screens and have been delighting the viewer with their adventures for several decades now. Many of them had real prototypes. So, in the old woman Shapoklyak, the writer portrayed his first wife, a lady harmful in all respects. Friend Nikolai Taraskin put on the image of the cat Matroskin: smart, hardworking and economic. At first, Ouspensky wanted to give the cat the same last name, but his friend “stood a pose” and did not allow it, although later (after the cartoon was released on the screens) he regretted it more than once. A girl in a huge fur coat, once seen by the writer in a store, became the prototype of everyone's favorite Cheburashka. Parents chose a fur coat for the baby in the summer, and the girl simply could not walk in it. As soon as she took a step, she fell. Dad, picking her up from the floor once again, said: "Well, what kind of Cheburashka are you" (from the word "cheburahnutsya" - fall, crash).
Korney Chukovsky is a favorite of children
Well, who does not know the poems of Korney Chukovsky: "Fly-Tsokotuha", "Moydodyr", "Cockroach", "Aibolit", "Barmaley"? Many Soviet writers worked under their real names. Chukovsky was the pseudonym of Korneichukov Nikolai Vasilyevich. He wrote his most widely read works for his own and about his daughter Murochka, who died of tuberculosis at the age of 11. The poem "Aibolit" was the cry of the soul for a magical doctor who would fly in and save everyone. In addition to Murochka, Chukovsky had three more children.
All his life, Korney Ivanovich helped those who turned to him for help, using his fame, charm and artistry for this. Not all Soviet writers were capable of such open deeds, and he sent money, beat out pensions, places inhospitals, apartments, helped gifted young writers to break through, fought for those who were arrested, showed concern for orphaned families. By the way, in honor of Fly-Tsokotukha, entomologist A. P. Ozerov in 1992 named a new species of anteater flies from the order Diptera - mucha tzokotucha.
The role of Soviet writers in shaping personality
Soviet writers have made a significant contribution to children's literature, raising several generations of wonderful people on their works. How kindly, colorfully and informatively Vitaly Bianchi, Mikhail Prishvin, Igor Akimushkin tell children about the beauty of nature, instilling love for it and our smaller brothers from a young age. Such famous Soviet writers as Arkady Gaidar, Valentin Kataev, Boris Zakhoder, Grigory Oster and many others are still popular among readers, because the idea of kindness and compassion for one's neighbor runs through all their works.
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