2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
The image of the sea in Russian poetry has always occupied and continues to occupy one of the most important places. And no wonder, because it is a powerful, mysterious and at the same time romantic element, casting thousands of magical images. The "marine" theme plays a particularly significant role in the poetry of romanticism. The aesthetics of this literary trend is largely based on the opposition of the real, earthly and otherworldly worlds. In contrast to the boring reality, romantic poets described the realm of dreams, fairy tales, fantasies, and only the true Creator could get access to it.
The image of the sea in Russian poetry in this context takes on new meanings: what is it, if not some kind of portal, a country inhabited by magical creatures. The water element is dual in nature. The mirror surface at any moment can turn into huge waves that bring death and destruction.
The image of the sea in Russian poetry, to be more specific, was widely used in the work of such great representatives of literature as Zhukovsky, Pushkin, Lermontov, Tyutchev. Even after the influence of romanticism began to fade, the motifs of waterelements now and then appear in the poems of Balmont, Akhmatova, Tsvetaeva.
V. A. Zhukovsky
Describing the image of the sea in Russian poetry, it is impossible not to mention the work of Zhukovsky. Some literary critics point out that the Elegist's really keen interest in such topics begins with the poem "The Sea", written in 1882. The poet personifies the surface of the water: it becomes an endless space, not subject to any human laws, free from all prohibitions.
The lyrical hero identifies himself with the sea element - an abyss, an abyss also lurks in his soul. The motif of duality, characteristic of the poetry of romanticism, is revealed in the poem. The sea, according to Zhukovsky, hopelessly strives to reach the sky, to touch it. The "firmament" in this case becomes precisely that unattainable ideal, in the pursuit of which earthly life passes. Researchers compare the relationship between the Sea and the Sky with the relationship between the human soul and God. An important place is occupied by the image of a storm as the embodiment of an unnatural, wrong state.
A. S. Pushkin
The library of Russian poetry would be incomplete without the work of A. S. Pushkin. The poet called Zhukovsky his teacher, but his romanticism was of a slightly different kind: rebellious, impudent, implacable. His poem "To the Sea" was written during the Odessa exile. The young poet then dreamed of escaping abroad, passionately wanted to escape from stifling captivity. "To the Sea" became a kind of poetic manifesto that reflected all these aspirations.
Written on the death of Byron, one of the founders of literary romanticism, this work is distinguished by vivid imagery: the sea for Pushkin becomes a symbol of freedom, unrestraint.
First Name Tyutchev
With the words "the theme of nature in Russian poetry" in the first place is associated, of course, Tyutchev's poetry. Images of the sea element are reflected in his work. The famous poet depicts the sea mainly at night.
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