2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
Nemensky Boris Mikhailovich is a Russian folk artist whose paintings are exhibited in the Tretyakov Gallery and famous museums around the world. His paintings are bought up by private collectors, and he himself received a state award for his enormous contribution to Russian culture and educational activities. Having lived a hard life, participating in the Great Patriotic War, he tried to convey all this through his paintings, becoming one of the great Russian classics in the field of fine arts.
Boris was born in Moscow on December 24, 1922. His mother was the daughter of a priest, worked as a dentist, and his father, a native of the village of Presnya, was a financier and in the post-revolutionary period worked in the Soviet People's Committee. Perhaps the merger of such extraordinary personalities in terms of origin and field of activity influenced Boris's upbringing and his desire for fine arts.
The biography of Nemensky Boris Mikhailovich is closely connected with creativity,which he did not leave even during the war. His youth was spent in Moscow, in the very center of the capital, on Sretenka. After graduating from high school until 1947, he studied at the Saratov Art College, and was accepted immediately into the third year. His parents watched with apprehension as their son's passion affected his later life. Under the guidance of A. M. Mikhailov, Boris began to take his first steps into the world of art. At that time, he communicated with many famous artists, visited exhibitions. His first paintings were even exhibited at the Tretyakov Gallery. Such rapid success and growth left an indelible impression on the inner world of the young artist.
After the evacuation, Nemensky Boris Mikhailovich returned from Central Asia back to Moscow, where he continued to study and perform military service at the Grekov Studio of Military Artists. It was his duty to always be at the forefront and make artistic sketches of everything that happened. Almost all military actions took place under the attentive gaze of the artist. It was difficult for Boris, since he knew little about life and could not express himself to the fullest, show his worldview.
He went to the front for the first time in early 1943, where he made his first sketches of battles and the military situation. But, in his opinion, they were unsuccessful in comparison with the work of other, more experienced artists. Patience and dedication to learning have done their job. Each time the work was better, more serious. Nemensky Boris Mikhailovich painted pictures, imbued with the life of soldiers. After all, these were ordinary people whose fate was decided bywar, and which themselves influenced its outcome. It was an invaluable experience for a young artist in the school of life and art, which taught him the main thing - you need to convey your feelings and experiences through art.
These are the words Nemensky Boris Mikhailovich expressed fine art: “A picture is a confession, real feelings. Otherwise, she will only be cold and professional.”
Victory of 1945
When the end of the war was announced, the cheers of the soldiers and the common people were heard. Capturing the joy of victory and the long-awaited lull was not easy. In the artist's studio, several sketches of that period have been preserved, which convey the brunt of victory and the expectation of a peaceful life.
Victory in creativity
In the same year, at the age of twenty-two, Boris paints his first and most famous painting "Mother". It was this work that became a milestone in his work and is still a great masterpiece that has taken pride of place in Russian painting. With his painting, the artist wanted to convey the joy of ordinary women meeting their sons from the war, and to express a kind of gratitude to mothers. The painting was exhibited for the first time at the All-Union Exhibition, and then bought and took pride of place in the Tretyakov Gallery.
Gradually, the artist begins to develop a special style of works. If earlier Boris destroyed the sketches of failed works, now he leaves them for comparison, and he does not correct the failed compositions on canvas, but drawspainting again.
The painting "About the near and far"
Another spectacular work by Nemensky was a painting painted in 1950 called "About the far and near". The plot was based on the impressions of the first business trip to the front, which left indelible impressions in the artist's memory. Letters came very rarely to that sector of the front, and the soldiers often re-read the same messages many times. Warm words from relatives, although already learned by heart, were of great value in those days.
With this picture, Nemensky Boris Mikhailovich sought to convey his experiences, which fully revealed him as an artist. Art critic N. A. Dmitriev noted how clearly the faces of the characters are worked out, who re-read letters from home with bated breath.
The theme of the paintings
Initially, the theme of Nemensky's paintings touched upon the military theme and the people who survived its hardships. He vividly conveyed the feelings of the soldiers, made it clear to the ordinary viewer why they fought, how they did it, and where they got the strength to go on. Over the years, memories of the war faded into the past, and it was more difficult for young people to understand the meaning of these paintings. The military theme has become associated with the future, with political problems.
The artist's post-war works convey love for women, motherhood, beauty and peace. His paintings became trembling, for example, such as "Father and Daughter", "Masha", "Silence", "Teacher". Now Nemensky Boris Mikhailovich conveys art with his new creative language, tryingmove away from the sad memories of the war.
Immediately after the war, Boris graduated from the Surikov Art Institute in Moscow, after which he began to engage in teaching activities. Nemensky began teaching at the Moscow State Pedagogical Institute named after Lenin, and in 1966 he transferred to the art department of VGIK. Over the years of his teaching, German taught dozens of young people who became master artists, some of whom even continued their teacher's teaching career at Russian universities. This is how the general education school program of Nemensky BM "Fine art and artistic work" appeared. Boris Mikhailovich was inspired to create it by the conviction that every person is talented, but not everyone develops his artistic talent. Art is a way of educating a child's personality, his feelings, which ensures the emotional he alth of the future generation.
Emotional memory of a person is long-term, therefore, it is through education and familiarization with art that it is necessary to form the worldview of children, actively involving them in creative activity.
Fine art as a subject
Regular school subjects are based on the transfer of knowledge and skills. But if you teach fine arts in the same form, then a brilliant artist will not work out of anyone. Art must be lived. Coming to the lesson, the child should gain emotional experience, become part of this learning, and not justview the works and complete the specified tasks. The main goals of the program:
- show the connection between art and life;
- spiritual and moral education;
- to captivate a child with art;
- attach to artistic culture.
In 1981, the book by Nemensky Boris Mikhailovich "The Wisdom of Beauty" was published, in which the artist raised very important questions regarding the aesthetic education of children in the field of school education. He actively emphasized the importance of introducing art subjects into school practice in order to properly shape the thinking of modern youth and their active citizenship.
Nemensky B. M., whose biography is inseparable from his creative and teaching activities, made a huge contribution to the formation of the artistic taste of the younger generation. His program shows that teaching art requires a special approach. Drawing technique is only a means to achieve the desired result. The teacher is obliged to create an atmosphere in the lesson in which each child will be passionate, will live through the creation of a new artistic image. It is important to fully activate the creative imagination, to connect all the senses to this.
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