2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
Sufficiently extensive and deeply developed genre of poetry is landscape lyrics. Many Russian and foreign poets paid much attention to the theme of nature. The poetic muse of some masters of the pen was completely devoted to describing their native places, admiring the beauty of the surrounding world. After all, how many delightful corners in different countries! In our article, we will talk in more detail about the poems of landscape lyrics, who wrote them. This topic deserves your attention.
Features of landscape lyrics
Now a few words about what are the features of this genre. Landscape lyrics are a reflection in words of what the poet sees around him. He can admire the bottomless sky, the whisper of the wind, the quiet rustle of leaves, the falling snow. We can say that landscape lyrics are a reflection of the state of the lyrical hero at the sight ofnative corners of nature.
The pictures described by poets can be calm, joyful, and sometimes sad. It is no secret that nature personifies the human soul. Rhythm and rhyme of poetry allow you to deeply and accurately show not only the pictures, but also the surrounding sounds. After all, man and nature are one!
Landscape lyrics is the admiration of nature with the help of a poetic word, its deification. A true landscape poet puts his soul into the world around him. This evokes feelings in the reader. From the most ancient times, verses of landscape lyrics appeared. Their most common technique is personification. Natural phenomena, plants, birds and animals are attributed human features, and their behavior is similar to human actions.
There is also such a thing as philosophical landscape lyrics. This is when nature is shown not only as an object of enthusiastic contemplation, but also capable of explaining human behavior. And this is a very interesting direction. Poets of landscape poetry write brilliant works that aim the reader's soul at the worldview of beauty. Primordial and pure nature is not associated with human rudeness and violence, it is opposed to progress and civilization. Many contemporaries today need to learn to live in harmony with the outside world.
The main motif of the landscape lyrics is the description of the seasons. Most of all there are poems about spring. It is then that nature comes to life from hibernation, everything blooms, and a new life begins. Eachthe season is associated with something: spring - with the morning, birth and youth; summer - happy day, youth; autumn - with evening, maturity, old age; winter - with night and death.
Landscape lyrics are closely connected with the motive of love for the Motherland. Even ancient Russian epics and legends contained descriptions of nature. For many years, the formation of natural symbols, personifying the native land, has been going on. In Russia, they were endless fields, forests, snow, frost, birch trees.
Landscape lyrics are closely connected with love experiences. It is natural for the romantic hero to trust his secrets to nature. For their secret meetings, lovers choose its most secluded corners. The most common love symbol is the nightingale.
Russian poets of landscape lyrics
The 19th century is the golden period in Russian literature. He was remembered for the works of Pushkin, Lermontov, Tyutchev. Many poets then were inspired by their native nature. They were able to portray the dim Russian landscape in a way that would surprise and inspire the reader. In the 19th century such poets wrote about nature: I. S. Nikitin, A. N. Maikov, A. K. Tolstoy, I. Z. Surikov, A. N. Pleshcheev.
The real "singers of nature" - F. I. Tyutchev and A. A. Fet. They simply deified the world around them. A. S. Pushkin skillfully depicted Russian autumn and winter in his poems. M. Yu. Lermontov showed his own romantic feelings and experiences through nature. At the beginning of the 20th century, the "peasant singer" - Sergei Yesenin - amazingly pure and sincerely portrayed Russian landscapes in verse.
Analysis of somepoems
The lyrics of Apollo Nikolaevich Maykov are filled with a life-affirming mood. He not only reproduced Russian life in his poems, but combined it with idyllic ideas about the world. A short summer scene of one day was shown by the poet in the poem "Summer Rain". The kids love it.
Gold, gold is falling from the sky!” -
Children scream and run after the rain…
- Fullness, children, we will collect it, Just collect the golden grain
In barns full of fragrant bread!
The poem is characterized by integrity and harmony. The reader is presented with an ordinary rural scene in the rain. Even the author himself becomes part of nature, trying to reveal its secrets.
The poetic gift of the poet Ivan Surikov is saturated with true nationality, national features. His poetry is deeply poetic. The reader sees the winter landscape in the poem "Winter". From childhood, many are familiar with the following lines of his:
White snow fluffy
Spinning in the air
And the ground is quiet
Falls, lies down.
An amazing picture of a winter day was created with the help of epithets and comparisons. First, the reader learns how the snow falls, then enjoys the ensuing silence. With verbs, the poet conveys movements, with nouns and adjectives - a state of rest. Homogeneous members of the sentence help to quickly change the picture: at first everything was black-black, and then it started to snow.
Let's briefly characterize Alexey Pleshcheev's poem "Country Song". In it wewe see the traditional spring theme with the arrival of swallows and the onset of warm days.
The grass is turning green, The sun shines;
Swallow with spring
Flies to us in the canopy.
The sun is more beautiful with her
And spring is sweeter…
Chirp out of the way
Hello to us soon!
I'll give you grains, And you sing a song, What from distant countries
Brought with me…
The poet shows that the spring was "brought" from distant lands by a swallow on its wings. The poem sounds very picturesque and musical. No wonder Tchaikovsky wrote music based on it. Poetic lines sound energetic, with a joyful mood.
Pushkin's landscape lyrics
Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin drew inspiration from his native nature. He dedicated his lyrical lines to each season. He showed a dazzling picture of a sunny morning in the poem "Winter Morning". It is permeated with high spirits:
Frost and sun; wonderful day!
You are still dozing, lovely friend –
It's time, beauty, wake up;
Open closed eyes with bliss
Towards North Aurora, Be the star of the north!
The poet conveys an extraordinary picture of the morning with sublime vocabulary. Winter is shown in bright colors. The opposite of this poem was his creation "Winter Evening".
Alexander Sergeevich dedicated the poem "Bird" to spring, "Cloud" to summer. But most of all the poet lovedautumn landscapes. Even the dullest autumn inspired him:
Sad time! Eyes charm!
I am pleased with your farewell beauty -
I love the lush nature of withering, The woods are clad in crimson and gold…
Each word here emphasizes how autumn is dear to Pushkin. This is the time of year when he writes best. After reading his lines, the reader himself begins to wait for the time when "the forest drops its crimson dress…"
Descriptions of nature by Tyutchev and Fet
It is worth making a brief analysis of the landscape lyrics by Fet and Tyutchev. The poems of these poets are simply imbued with love for nature. Afanasy Fet especially loved spring. Her arrival greatly influenced the state of mind of the poet. He dedicated poems to her: "Still fragrant bliss of spring …", "Spring thoughts", "Spring rain".
Two drops splashed into the glass, From lindens fragrant with honey pulls
And something came to the garden, Drumming on fresh leaves.
Tyutchev's nature is a living being. He showed her many-sided and diverse, in constant movement and change of phenomena. The poet vividly showed that the course of life is inherent in all living things.
Not what you think, nature:
Not a cast, not a soulless face -
She has a soul, she has freedom, She has love, she has language…
The list of Tyutchev's landscape lyrics is great:
- "First sheet".
- "Spring Storm".
- "Reluctantly andtimid…".
- "Clouds are melting in the sky".
- "How cheerful the roar of summer storms is…".
- "There are in the autumn of the original…".
The meaning of landscape lyrics in the works of Russian poets
Each master of the word depicted nature in his own way. They expressed their impressions and feelings in unique images. The phenomena of the outside world in landscape lyrics are closely connected with the emotional state of a person. For many poets, nature is closer to the closest people and families. Master landscape painters were able to reveal to many generations the amazing charm of the light and delicate colors of the landscapes of Russia. The greatest achievement of the poets of the 19th-20th century is the image of a harmonious combination of the inner world of man, reality and the beauty of nature.
Nature in the verses of foreign poets
Foreign classics also admired the sad autumn blooming in spring. They depicted velvety and romantic summer evenings, a vulnerable and lingering winter. The German poet Johann Goethe sang the beauty of local landscapes in his poems: "Unexpected Spring", "On the Lake", "Violet", "Twilight descends from Above". The grace of the surrounding world is sung in the verses of other poets:
- Robert Louis Stevenson "Rain".
- George Arnold "September".
- John Keats "Autumn".
- Ralph Waldo Emerson "Snowstorm".
- Robert Frost "Birches".
The Japanese compilers of haiku were able to convey the mood of nature in deep thought and well-aimed words. We encourage you to read the landscape lyrics of different poets, compare their creations and have your own opinion about the beauty and richness of the world around.
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