2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
Two colors, two opposites, black and white. They are considered from the point of view of classical and new types of fine arts: photography and cinema. The advantages of black and white compared to color are considered, the philosophical meaning of each color for human perception is determined.
In painting, graphics, photography and cinema
Black and white, light and darkness. The brightness of dark lines on light paper. This super-expressive combination in painting and graphics is called monochromy - one color, because paper is not taken into account. Why monochrome when there are so many different shades? It turns out that this confrontation is one of the most expressive in the visual arts. What is the name of the black and white drawing?
Difference between dark, light and color image
If you take one portrait photo in color, and make the other one exactly the same in black and white, and compare them, then the impression of each will be completely different. Only the absence of color will reveal something that will not be noticeable in another photo: wrinkles, for example, a strange expressiveness of a look or something else.
That's why color films are more like reality, it is much more difficult to highlight something specific, to emphasize something in them.
Famous tapes like "Enjoy Your Bath" or "Seventeen Moments of Spring" didn't gain anything, having received color, according to so many.
For nature under the sun - painting, for the philosophical ideas of A. Dürer - graphic etchings. What is a black and white drawing called? Graphics (the art of drawing, writing and sketching) involves working mainly in monochrome, unlike painting, the very name of which speaks of the many colors used (as in life).
Graphics - the art of depicting objects with lines and strokes
In the East, graphics originate from calligraphy or the art of writing, where each line had to mean something in both the letter and the drawing. It was in Europe that artists worked with volume, perspective, their own shadows and cast ones, achieving a complete resemblance to reality. The East depicted everything very conditionally: only with lines. But how he portrayed! It is to the ancient oriental drawings depicting people and animals on paper, silk and wood that we owe today's expressiveness of our comics and cartoons, which took away all the best from their predecessors.
In the dictionary of foreign words, the word "graphics" is explained as the art of depicting objects with lines and strokes without colors. Howcalled black and white drawings? Graphics. And the rock carvings scratched by primitive people? Also graphics.
It is interesting that a person is able to understand what is depicted in several lines, supplementing the missing details from memory. This is especially true for human faces. Multipliers take advantage of this. What are black and white drawings of emotions in comics and animation called? Graphics, as well as the terms "anime" and "manga", known only to professionals.
Graphics also uses spots and contours
Besides lines and strokes, the graphics also uses spots and contours (object outlines). What are black and white outline drawings called?
Spots allow you to create perspective, divert or focus the viewer's gaze on something that the artist defines as the main thing. And they can do a lot more. Unique in this respect are the works of Aubrey Beardsley and the paintings of ancient ceramics. They make you stop, admire and think.
Interesting, although undeservedly forgotten, is the shadow theater, where instead of colored and volumetric figures, the performance is shown by their flat shadows. In the Middle Ages, such theaters were widespread in Europe, in the countries of the East, especially in the Ottoman Empire. How expressive did these outline drawings have to be for the performance to be interesting?
What is manga and why are these drawings interesting
The first stories in pictures appeared in Japan in the 12th century, whenA Buddhist monk named Toba painted four sheets of paper with figurines of monks, which depicted humorous stories from their lives. This form of drawing became widespread in medieval Japan, becoming the basis for the engravings "ukiyo-e" (pictures of current life), depicting the events and life of the inhabitants. These are all precursors to the manga.
Manga is an art form today. Books with a sequential chain of drawings (“series” of drawings) develop a variety of plots. Everything is here: love stories, sports, humor, erotica, horror, pornography, adventure. You can list indefinitely. Manga acquired its modern look when Japanese artists got acquainted with the cartoons of Europe and comics of the USA after the Second World War. What is the name of a black and white pencil drawing that tells an interesting story? Manga.
Since the 50s of the last century, manga has been rapidly conquering the world, sometimes pushing even cinema, or rather, changing cinema “for itself”. Because only based on manga plots that the public likes, long series of anime or feature films are shot, usually also successful, and very often surpassing the popularity of manga.
Almost all manga is created by artists and published in black and white. Japan spent 420 billion yen on its publication in 2009.
Literally, manga means "grotesques", i.e. the depiction of people or objects in a fantastically exaggerated, ugly comic form in various art forms. The term "manga" originated in late 18th and early 19th century Japan. Widespread with the release of the seriesillustrated albums by Katsushika Hokusai Hokusai Manga (Hokusai Drawings). What are black and white drawings called in Japan? Of course, manga. And in Korea - manhwa, and in China - manhua. It seems? Because they are depicted with the same character.
Summing up 2 colors in art
The scope of the article is limited. Therefore, everyone who wants to know the names of black-and-white drawings made in a variety of techniques and fall in love with graphics can be recommended to get acquainted with the work of such famous artists as J. Callo, F. Goya, A. Dürer, S. Dali, Danish cartoonist H. Bidstrup and many more.
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Artistic sawing with a jigsaw: drawings, drawings and descriptions. How to do something with your own hands
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