2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
Catch phrases, they are also aphorisms - short sayings, as a rule, having a moralizing or paradoxical character and expressing a non-standard view of the world, people, human relations, a system of moral values. Often they are presented in an allegorical manner and require some mental effort to understand. And another distinctive feature of aphorisms is irony. Reading them, we not only plunge into deep thought, but also smile, and even with difficulty suppress an obvious chuckle.
Aesthetics of Paul Valery's life
The first master of thought, whose some clever statements we will analyze, is Paul Valéry. This is the recognized king of French symbolism, whose elegant poetry for the chosen connoisseurs of the beauty and musicality of the style was a real aesthetic delight.
His original clever statements were picked up on the fly and repeated with pleasure by secular wits. In a society where a developed mind, intellectual abilities and education were valued,such words were often quoted: "Boredom has no face." You can understand them in different ways. For example, that a boring person is colorless, monotonous, insipid. Or that wit does not depend on title and origin and is not always inherent in the powerful of this world.
Apt, clever statements of the poet often run counter to conventional wisdom. In contrast to the proverb that stated: "Tell me who your friends are, and I'll tell you who you are," Valerii noticed that one cannot judge a person by his surroundings. After all, Judas had it impeccable, and he himself became a traitor cursed for centuries.
Many of Paul's clever sayings are related to art and creativity. And in them he asserted the artist's right to independence, freedom from declarations and independence in the evaluation and perception of works of art. What is worth only such a well-aimed remark that some works are created by their audience, i.e. their authors adapt to the needs and tastes of the crowd, while others form this audience themselves, i.e. create a cultural background and public opinion.
What is interesting about the smart statements of great people in general: in whatever era such a person lives, his words will not only outlive the personality itself, but also many subsequent generations. And they will step far beyond the boundaries of time and space.
Thus, the wonderful Persian sage, philosopher and poet Saadi traveled around his native east back in the 12th century. Being a fine connoisseur of human souls, he warned his contemporaries: talk to people in accordance with theirunderstanding! How can one not recall the biblical saying that it is foolish to cast pearls in front of pigs. This means that one should not indulge in speculation and lofty reasoning in front of a narrow-minded, undeveloped, limited person. Not only will they not understand you, but they will also consider you stupid! But the smart statements of great people, uttered before equals, will be appreciated and will be the subject of an interesting intellectual conversation. Such a conversation will no doubt bring great pleasure to all who take part in it.
Saadi left a true and profound remark about the essence of things. He said that if a precious stone is thrown into the dirt and dust, then it will not lose its value, even being in the gutter. But the dust, if raised to heaven, will remain just dust. This comparison applies to humans. Another person may be of low origin, but with an innate intelligence and nobility. And high-ranking officials, alas, are sometimes deprived by nature of both. But the dust will also remain the one who, by chance, ascended to the heights of power, not corresponding to this position.
Practical Instructions by Hans Sachs
For those who are interested in interpersonal relationships, who suffer from a lack of mutual understanding with their soulmate, the statements of smart people on this topic, and first of all, the German poet and playwright of the 16th century Hans Sachs, will be useful.
He strongly recommends obstinate and grouchy wives to be affectionate and attentive to their husbands. And then the spouse will also very soon become tame. But alsohusbands should not relax - and they should educate their life partners, because only a “good wife is fun” and an adornment of the family hearth.
Being an ardent opponent of the perversions of Christian doctrine, Sachs ridiculed priests in his aphorisms, who turned religious shrines and temples into objects of commerce and profit. And now his bold statements about the greedy crowd of churchmen and that even a monk is ready to deceive the people and enrich themselves at the expense of Christ sound relevant.
Mystery of love
Rabindranath Tagore, an outstanding figure of Indian culture of the 19th and 20th centuries, is known far beyond the borders of his homeland. His clever statements about love and life make up the moral and ethical code of modern man.
In contrast to sexual promiscuity and permissiveness, he repeatedly emphasized that only through abstinence can fidelity be observed in love. But it is through this sacrifice that the hidden charm of real feelings is known. And Tagore divided love itself into two types. Sublime, "floating in the sky", warms our souls. But more significant is the one that seems to be invisible, manifesting itself in daily affairs and household trifles. But it is she who fills the family hearth with warmth and sincerity.
And the Indian poet quite rightly stated that people understand each other from half a word, half a look then when their hearts are filled with love and beat in anticipation of a meeting.
Poetry of life
The beauty of life, the harmony of God's world sings in hisworks of our compatriot Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev. Many lines from his poems in prose, short stories and novels were cited. He did not separate poetry as art from life. On the contrary, he argued that the grass rustling underfoot, the wonderful aroma of flowers, the piercing blue of the sky - all these are manifestations of beauty and life. And it is precisely where there is beauty and life that true poetry is born.
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