2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
One of the most widely read writers in the world is the Frenchman Alexandre Dumas père, whose adventure novels have had millions of fans all over the world for two full centuries.
Childhood and youth
The future creator of literary masterpieces was born in 1802 in the family of a military official, Tom Alexandre Dumas, and the daughter of a hotel owner, whose name was Marie Louise Laboure.
The boy's childhood and youth were spent in his native settlement - Villa Cotre. Alexander's strong friendship with Adolphe de Leuven led the young Dumas to show a serious interest in drama in general and theater in particular. Alexandre Dumas did not see himself as an actor performing on the theater stage, but he dreamed of a career as a playwright.
On the way to creativity
Without enough finances and any serious support, Dumas moves to Paris. His fine handwriting allows him to get a good position even without proper education.
Realizing the shortcomings and gaps in his education, Alexandre Dumas begins to read diligently. One of the new acquaintances helps him fill in the gaps by making a list of books for the young man that he must certainlyread.
After some time, Dumas, impressed by the sculpture that tells about the murder of Monaldeschi, decides to write a dramatic play about the Swedish queen. He will call this play "Christine". Due to serious disagreements that arose between the author of the play and influential people of that time, the play will never be staged at the Comédie Francaise.
Participation in the revolution. Political persecution
In 1830, Alexandre Dumas becomes an active participant in the revolution, which was destined to win. Subsequently, Dumas more than once spoke flatteringly about the young people who became the basis of the revolutionary struggle.
A year later, the young writer was persecuted for political reasons. Rumors spread widely that he was arrested and shot without even waiting for a court verdict. The rumors were false, but the writer was really in serious trouble with the law. Against the backdrop of the current situation, Alexander decides to flee abroad, to Switzerland.
While abroad, Dumas does not sit idly by. In 1840, the writer legalized relations with the theater actress Ida Ferrier, but after 4 years the couple broke up. His contemporaries have repeatedly noted the fact that, being legally married, the writer did not deny himself romances with other women. Dumas' earnings during this period are estimated to be very high, and the lifestyle as luxurious and even rampant. Alexandre Dumas made determined attempts to develop his creative activity: he organized his owndrama theater and began publishing his own literary magazine. Unfortunately, none of the initiatives have received serious development.
Active in the literary field
In 1851, the situation developed in such a way that Dumas again had to flee: this time, problems with creditors became the reason for the immediate departure. The writer was forced to go to Belgium. In Brussels, Alexander began to write the famous "Memoirs", which were highly appreciated not only by their author, but also by independent critics.
During the active phase of his work, Alexandre Dumas père wrote a huge number of dramas and comedies, most of which forever took their place of honor in the history of world literature. He is the author of such masterpieces as The Count of Monte Cristo, The Three Musketeers, The Parisian Mohicans and many other legendary works. In total, more than two hundred works came out from under his pen, including the famous "Great Culinary Dictionary".
Died Alexandre Dumas, whose biography is described in the article, in 1870 in France. His son, also Alexander, became a writer. To distinguish between their authorship, the prefix "father" is often added to the surname of the elder Dumas.
Many works of Dumas père were created in collaboration with other writers. One of these was Mac. The unsuccessful outcome of the cooperation led to lengthy litigation. The winner in them was Alexandre Dumas, whose booksalready received recognition. Talking with his son after the death of a colleague, Macke claimed that there were no secret agreements between Dumas père and Macke.
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