2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
Vadim Delaunay leads his family tree from the inhabitants of France. His distant ancestor - Pierre Delaunay, who served as a military doctor in the corps of Napoleon's colleague Marshal Davout, remained in Russia after the end of the Patriotic War of 1912. A well-known nun - Mother Maria, a former poetess and artist of the Silver Age - Kuzmina-Karavaeva - is also a relative of Vadim.
The biography of Vadim Delaunay begins on December 22, 1947. He was born in the city of Moscow, in a family with deep roots in science. His father, Nikolai Delaunay, was a physicist, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, and his grandfather, Boris Delaunay, was a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, a renowned mathematician. Vadim's great-grandfather - Nikolai Delaunay - was also a famous Russian mathematician. Sergei Sharov-Delaunay, Vadim's cousin, was a prominent artist, restaurateur and social activist.
Training Vadim Delaunay began in high school inKadashakh, then continued at a special mathematical school, from where he left without completing his studies. Subsequently, he received a diploma of secondary education, graduating from an external evening school.
In 1965 he entered the Lenin Moscow Pedagogical Institute. He studied there at the philological department. There he began to get seriously interested in writing poetry. Poetry becomes his life's work.
Since 1966, he worked as a freelancer for the Literary Gazette. However, having made sure that it is impossible to legally engage in free creativity, Vadim approaches young Moscow dissidents.
Beginning of dissidence
Usually to the question "Dissident - who is this?" an explanation follows that this is a person whose socio-political views differ significantly from those prevailing in the country where he lives. As a rule, this leads to conflicts of such a person with the authorities, persecution, repression, and persecution that official bodies carry out against him.
From Vadim's memoirs it follows that in 1966 he was invited to the KGB of the USSR and offered to go to Paris. There he was to collect information and write a book about Mother Mary. In it, he was to attribute to her sympathy for the ideology of the Soviet Union. Delaunay refused this offer.
In 1966, together with the poet Gubanov, Vadim decided to form a union of young poets and prose writers. They came up with an abbreviation for it - SMOG (according to one version - this is Strength, Thought, Image, Depth, according to another - The Youngest SocietyGenius).
In the same year, Vadim Delaunay sent a letter to the ideological department of the Central Committee of the CPSU. In it, he set out the requirements for the legalization of his offspring - SMOG. This message, among other things, led to the fact that in the same year he was expelled from the Komsomol organization, as well as from the institute.
In December 1966, he was placed in the psychiatric ward of the hospital for three weeks. This was justified by the fact that only an abnormal person could publicly read poetry and create illegal organizations.
At the end of January 1967, Vadim Delaunay took part in an action in defense of dissidents Y. Ginzburg, V. Galanovsky, A. Dobrovolsky, V. Dashkova, A. Ginzburg on Pushkin Square in Moscow. Its participants also protested against Article 70 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, which prescribed punishment for violation of public order and slander.
For participation in this action, Vadim Delaunay was arrested. He was placed in the pre-trial detention center of the Lefortovo prison. As a result of the trial, a suspended sentence was issued, after which he was released from custody.
Moving to Novosibirsk
In the autumn of 1967, Vadim Deloni left for the city of Novosibirsk. There, due to the fact that his grandfather's friend, Academician A. Aleksandrov, helped him, he was admitted to Novosibirsk State University. He studied there at the Faculty of Linguistics. But he did not show aspirations for knowledge, he continued to communicate with dissidents of the USSR. About that time, Vadim said that the most striking event of the students was the concertA. Galich, after which he composed a vivid poem dedicated to the singer (“We are swamped with cares …”).
Vadim's activities did not go unnoticed. The Vecherniy Novosibirsk newspaper published an article in which Delaunay was declared anti-Soviet. This caused him to leave the university in 1968.
Return to Moscow, "Demonstration of the Seven"
After Vadim Delaunay dropped out of school, he returns to Moscow, where he continues his dissident activities.
So, on August 25, 1968, he took part in the so-called Demonstration of the Seven. It was organized by a group of 8 people on Red Square in Moscow. Its purpose is to express protest against the introduction of Soviet troops into Czechoslovakia to suppress political unrest, later called the "Prague Spring".
The rally was a sit-in and took place near the Execution Ground on Red Square. It was held by 8 people: K. Babitsky; T. Baeva; L. Bogoraz; N. Gorbanevskaya; V. Delone; V. Dremlyuga; P. Litvinov; V. Feinberg. They unfurled slogans demanding that the invading troops be condemned and that the arrested leaders of the Czech protests be given freedom. However, the event did not last long, in a few minutes its participants were arrested and taken to the police unit. Subsequently, human rights activists claimed that this action, widely known as the "Demonstration of the Seven", was the most significant at that time.
In early October 1968, Vadim Delaunay was sentenced to 2 years and 10 months in a camp for participating in a protest on Red Squareconclusions. He pleaded not guilty in court.
In 2008, all demonstrators were awarded leadership in the Czech Republic.
Life in prisons
After a short stay in a transit prison on Krasnaya Presnya, the activist was sent to the criminal camp ITU-2 ("Tyumen 32"). At the place of serving the sentence, Vadim Delaunay has developed quite friendly relations with the criminal elements. "King of the zone" - A. Nightingale - provided Vadim with patronage. Subsequently, in 1972, Delaunay personally arrived in Tyumen to meet the Nightingale, who was released.
While in prison, Vadim did not stop his "social activities". So, at a concert in 1969, dedicated to the Day of the Soviet Army, Vadim read poetry, the authors of which were A. Galich, V. Vysotsky, Y. Daniel. This did not remain without consequences, he was imprisoned in a punishment cell, and was also forbidden to attend any cultural events. The activist was transferred to work at a lumber camp as a loader. This caused him to become quite ill.
Vadim has a good relationship with fellow prisoners. He helped them by writing letters, complaints, requests for a review of cases. Vadim did not remain without information from "freedom". Received letters and packages from friends. His grandfather, Academician B. Delaunay, came to visit him.
Liberation, return to Moscow
In the summer of 1971, Vadim Delaunay was released. Having received a passport, he returns to Moscow, but remains undersupervision of the police and the KGB of the USSR. Starts as an employee of archaeological expeditions.
Since 1972, he has been working as an illuminator in the Tchaikovsky Concert Hall. In the same year, he married the famous Moscow human rights activist Irina Belogorodskaya.
Later, Vadim told his memoirs that in the period from 1971 to 1975 he constantly encountered proposals from law enforcement agencies of the USSR that it would be desirable for him to leave the country, emigrate abroad.
To push for such a decision, according to Vadim, in early 1973 his wife Irina was arrested for her participation in the Chronicle of Current Events samizdat movement. She was subsequently released pending trial.
In 1975, Vadim Delaunay left the Soviet Union with his wife. Emigrates to France, where he settles in the suburbs of Paris. Abroad, he does not leave classes in human rights activities. He meets with other emigrants from the USSR, publishes his works in the magazines "Continent", "Echo", "Time and Us" and others. He composes poems in which he recalls the forests near Moscow and camp life. The well-known dissident Bukovsky, speaking about the work of Delone of that period, says that "in his works one can see the soul rushing about, breaking through the lines, they have a living life and months of spiritual torment. Vadim's poetry is honest, experienced, not invented."
Vadim Delaunay died on June 13, 1983 in a suburb of Paris from acute heart failure in his sleep. On thatperiod he was not even 36 years old. Delaunay was buried at the Vincennes cemetery in Fontane-sous-Bois.
After his death, two of his books were published in France: "Portraits in a barbed frame", "Collection of poems, 1965 - 1983". In Paris, the Russian Thought magazine in 1998 published Y. Konyukhin's documentary story about Delon.
Vadim's works in Russia were published only in 1989 in the magazines "Aurora", "Youth", "Motherland". Thanks to them, it is revealed in detail who it is - a dissident in the USSR. The book "Portraits in a barbed frame", which was published in Omsk by his friends and associates with a circulation of 5,000 copies, has become a very great bibliographic rarity.
Vadim Delaunay was fond of writing poetry from the age of 13. His later works were distributed in samizdat, some of which were printed abroad.
Most of the poetic works in the 60-70s of the last century were confiscated during searches, some were the only copies. Then the poet made attempts to restore them from memory, but a significant part disappeared forever.
The works of the poet Vadim Delaunay, unknown to a wide range of readers, were familiar to dissidents, close friends, as well as some prominent writers. So, Korney Chukovsky, in correspondence with the mathematician B. Delaunay, the poet's grandfather, spoke of his works as "the immature poems of a very gifted boy."
Real wisdom in Vadim's works appears in difficult years for him. Poems written in the late 60s early70s, have very bold metaforms. They are bright, filled with unexpected comparisons, epithets. The lyrics of Vadim Delaunay are musical, melodious, full of many voices.
Portraits in a barbed frame
While living in France, Vadim devoted a lot of time to work on the book "Portraits in a barbed frame", which was awarded the Dahl Literary Prize even in manuscript form. In it, the author talks about the terrible camp life, moreover, without focusing on it. He focuses on people who are imprisoned due to ridiculous accidents, as well as those suffering from the hopelessness of being. According to critics, Vadim successfully continued the traditions of Russian literature of the 19th and 20th centuries in his work.
The well-known Russian writer, editor, publisher of memoirs Zinaida Shakhovskaya, speaking in her publication about the personality of Vadim Delaunay, noted:
“It was easy to recognize him, he was all at a glance, open, clean, always true to himself. Sorrow lived in him, and such a rare consciousness of both his own and the common guilt for the evil spilled all over the world. Vadim's childish smile reflected a living soul - that's why it was so easy to love him.”
Vadim's poems, composed during the years of emigration, leave a feeling of loneliness and emptiness. It can be seen from them that the poet did not find peace, he constantly yearned for Russia.
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