2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
In order for a pictorial portrait of a person to turn out to be alive and natural, the artist must be able to compose skin color well. Each painter has his own secrets of mixing colors, but still there are general rules and patterns, knowing which, you can easily compose any shades. Let's learn this art together!
How to get flesh color?
Let's say you decide to paint an oil painting. What paints do you need to have on hand to get the color of human skin from them? Firstly, you need to stock up on whitewash, but you will need to delicately, in small portions, mix other paints with them. The he althy color of human skin is always a gentle warm shade, because our entire skin is permeated with the smallest network of blood vessels. For an experiment, take a sheet of white paper, attach it to the face of the palest young lady, and you will see how strikingly even the lightest skin color differs from the lifeless white color of a paper sheet.
So, paints such as ocher, cadmium must be attached to whitewashyellow, cadmium red and, perhaps, sienna or umber might still be useful. But the last paints can only be used when applying shadows and very carefully. Squeeze a little white on the palette from a tube, dilute them with a solvent and mix in a little bit of ocher, red and yellow. In this case, more ocher should be used, and, of course, less other colors.
Different shades of skin tone
In painting there are no ready-made recipes for different shades, it all depends on the intuition of the artist and, of course, on the complexion of his model. After all, if you draw a person with dark skin, then his flesh color will differ significantly from the skin color of an untanned pale person.
Then you need to know that women's skin is lighter and more delicate tones than men's. And the flesh color of the torso, arms and legs is also darker than the skin of the face. Different parts of the body may vary in color. In painting there is such a thing as reflexes. This is a reflection on the surface of objects of color spots that are nearby. For example, if your model has a red cap on her head, then a warm reddish glow will certainly fall on the face you want to draw. All this must be taken into account when working on a portrait.
How to get skin tones with watercolors?
With watercolor, everything is much simpler, but for some this material may seem more difficult than oil. The fact is that when working with watercolors, the white background of the paper itself plays the role of whitewash. After all, watercolor is transparent, and it must be applied very easily in order tothe lower strokes showed through the upper ones.
Now let's start composing the flesh color. Take a plastic palette and put some water on it. Then take a soft squirrel brush, wet it well and lightly, with the very tip, smear it over the red watercolor paint from the box. Then stir with this brush in the palette with water, and you will get a faint transparent pink color. Add a little yellow there, just don't overdo it, you need quite a bit. And you can start painting a portrait.
Examples of portraits with perfect skin tone. Photos of these paintings
In the history of Russian painting, there were many artists who painted beautiful portraits. Rokotov, Levitsky, Bryullov … Take a reproduction of the portraits of any of these painters and examine them properly. With what skill they managed to convey the most complex skin tones!
Here, for example, is a portrait of Maria Lopukhina by VL Borovikovsky. What a wonderful complexion this woman has and how skillfully the freshness and youthfulness of her skin is conveyed! Try to unravel the artist's secret. What paints did he use to achieve this result, do you think? It is best to fight over the solution of the secret of the great master of painting while sitting at an easel with a palette and a brush in your hands.
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