2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
Architecture of the 19th century is a rich heritage of the entire world society. What great significance are such buildings as the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in the capital or the General Staff in St. Petersburg! Without these structures, we can no longer imagine the architectural ensemble of these cities.
Russian architecture of the 19th century is characterized by such trends as Classicism, Empire - the last stage in the development of Classicism, as well as the Russian-Byzantine style. What belongs to each of these areas? Now let's figure it out. Classicism is an appeal to antiquity, which means that these are majestic buildings, most often with columns.
The architecture of the 19th century in this direction was represented by the following buildings.
The Smolny Institute and the building of the Academy of Sciences were built by Quarenghi. Perhaps these are the only buildings of the 19th century in this style
here it is impossible not to mention the Triumphal Gate, the building of the Bolshoi Theater, the Manege and the Alexander Garden - these are the buildings without which our capital will not be the same. Classical architecture of Moscow in the 19th century was represented by such prominent architects as Beauvais and Gilardi. The Bolshoi Theater is a symbol of Russian art and the cultural life of the people to this day, and the Triumphal Gates, erected in honor of the victory over Napoleon, create an image of the greatness and power of our Motherland. The work of Gilardi should include the Board of Trustees and the Kuzminki estate
Empire is the next trend in 19th century architecture. This is the last stage in the development of classicism. The style is presented in large numbers on the streets of the cultural capital of Russia:
- Zakharov rebuilt the Admir alty, the spire of which is one of the symbols of the city; The Kazan Cathedral of Voronikhin is a symbol of Nevsky Prospekt, and the Mining Institute is the pinnacle of development in this direction.
- K. Rossi is one of the greatest architects of Old Palmyra, his Mikhailovsky Palace became the Russian Museum - the repository of all the artistic traditions of our country. The building of the General Staff, the building of the Senate and the Synod - all this is not just an architectural ensemble of the city, but is also an integral part of history.
- The great brainchild of Montferrand is St. Isaac's Cathedral. It is simply impossible not to fall in love with this large, majestic building: all the details and decorations of the cathedral make you freeze with delight. Another work of art by this architect was the Alexander Column.
Architecture of the 19th century was also represented by the Russian-Byzantine style, prevalent mainly in Moscow. The most famous are the following buildings:
- Temple of Christ the Savior, LargeThe Kremlin Palace and the famous Armory Chamber completed the Kremlin (architect Ton).
- The Sherwood Historical Museum made Red Square even more meaningful.
Thus, the architecture of the 19th century in Russia is more than buildings. These buildings left a mark in history, great things were done in their premises and important issues were resolved. We cannot imagine our country without these architectural monuments.
As you can see from the history of Russian art, the 19th century was a period of flourishing and active development of various trends. The culture of that time is determined by bourgeois relations. Capitalism was fully formed already in the 18th century, it covered various areas of material production, and this affected non-productive areas
Literature of the 2nd half of the 19th century played an important role in the public life of the country. Most modern critics and readers are convinced of this. At that time, reading was not entertainment, but ways of knowing the surrounding reality. For the writer, creativity itself became an important act of civic service to society, since he had a sincere belief in the effective power of the artistic word, in the likelihood that the book could influence the mind and soul of a person so that he would change for the better
The legacy that the Wanderers left behind is truly great and multifaceted. It was they who began to depict ordinary people in their paintings, their way of life, customs, experiences and emotional state
Painting of the 19th century largely depended on foreign policy events. The predominance of romanticism and realism in the visual arts is represented by masterpiece paintings of both European and Russian art
Looking at the picture, everyone finds something of their own in it, notices the little things, in which, perhaps, the author did not lay any sense. This is the value of visual art. Pictures of the 19th century, along with modern ones, are capable of evoking a wide variety of often contradictory emotions that hit the brain and overturn the usual meaning of things