2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
The first public library of the Oryol province was officially opened on December 6 (18), 1838 after the publication of a government circular on the establishment of provincial reading institutions.
Currently, the full name is the Oryol Regional Scientific Universal Public Library named after I. A. Bunin. The largest collection of books in the region. About the history of its creation, about the collections of literary publications from the past and the present, stored in "Buninka", as it is affectionately called by the inhabitants of the city, will be discussed in our article.
Flipping through the pages of history
The opening of the library in 1838 was carried out with the personal participation of the governor of that time N. M. Vasilchikov and the inspector of the gymnasium P. A. Azbukin. Initially, it was located in the building of the Nobility Assembly. After the death of the governor, the library was disbanded, and the books were kept in various archives of the province.
But already from 1858 to 1866, a revival and flourishing begins, up torevolution, as a result of which the library is undergoing a series of transformations, which culminated in the formation of a fairly large book fund of 105,000 volumes. Among the rarities were rare editions, various manuscripts, art albums and works. A center for the methodology of creating a network of libraries in the region was organized here.
After the end of the Great Patriotic War, the affected funds were restored, the library received a new building. Some of the books inherited from the first collections are still kept, and "Buninka" is rightfully considered the successor to the first provincial public library in the city of Orel.
Here readers can get acquainted with the recreated history from the publications "Book treasury of Orel", "Our Orlovsky land", "50 heroic years" and others.
Until 1922, the library was named after N. K. Krupskaya. New milestones in the history of the Bunin (Oryol) library began after it was renamed in 1992 to Buninskaya.
A lot is connected with the Oryol province in the life of a Russian writer. After the monument to the Nobel Prize winner in literature Ivan Alekseevich Bunin was erected in Orel in 1992, a new round of library development began.
The fact is that the monument by the sculptor Oleg Uvarov was installed in the park next to the library, in the same year the institution itself received the title of I. A. Bunin.
After all, it was in Orel that the first Bunin translation of the famous epic poem "The Song ofHiawatha". This translation of the American poem by Henry Longfellow is still considered unsurpassed.
In the newspaper "Orlovsky Vestnik" the translation was published for the first time in 1896, and by the end of the year the printing house of the same newspaper published the poem as a separate book.
Structure and funds
The library fund is a real treasury, which has more than 600 thousand stored documents, annually subscribes to about 500 titles of magazines and newspapers. Additionally, the funds receive up to 12,000 new documents annually.
The Bunin Library, Orel, is divided into 16 functioning departments in its structure.
The state employs 123 people who serve about a thousand visitors daily. And regular readers make up an impressive figure of 35 thousand people.
According to statistics, the annual lending of books and documents is about one million. Such a volume and fruitful work is explained by the fact that library works use not only the traditional method, but also modern technologies in serving users.
Mission and resources of the organization
Before "Buninka", as well as before other scientific and information institutions of the country, there are difficult tasks. Her mission is to perform the following tasks:
- main regional book depository;
- public information resource center for research and literature;
- scientific and methodological activities at the territorial level forlibrary development issues;
- coordination and development of normative documents regulating the activities of similar institutions in the region;
- training base of the library faculty of the Oryol educational institutions.
"Rossiada", Gospel and other rarities
Among the vast book kingdom, of course, there are rare editions in the library.
These are, for example, handwritten rarities: the Gospel of the edition of 1600 by the Mamonich printing house. Books of Peter's lifetime editions: the first Russian epic poem "Rossiada" by M. Kheraskov; collected works of Mikhail Lomonosov, "History of the Pugachev rebellion" by A. S. Pushkin.
In the library of Bunin, Orel, unique books with autographs of the authors, samples of polygraphy of various years of publication are stored.
The general collection of rarities in the institution (Orel) is 13,560 copies, of which more than ten thousand are pre-revolutionary periodicals.
Community benefit: presentations, exhibitions, special dates for book lovers
Exhibitions of books, presentations of novelties of literature are systematically organized in the library building, and celebrations are regularly held on Book Day.
Every year, the celebration of the Day of the Orthodox Book, which was established by the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church, is held, with the participation of the exhibition "Holy Russia, keep the Orthodox Faith".
Meetings and meetings of the literary and poetry club are organized here"Step forward". At the meetings, the authors share their novelties, discuss the topics of modern poetry.
Meetings and events are free for everyone.
So, for example, Orel residents and guests of the city take part in the All-Russian action "Night of the Arts", the theme in the Bunin (Eagle) library is "Give me the silence of your libraries …".
For the celebration of Victory Day 2019, the results of the annual regional patriotic video contest, which is held among students of secondary vocational institutions, under the general title “Honour to Heroes!”
Musical evenings and presentations are held in the reading room of the library.
Thus, Buninka hosted a presentation of world bestsellers - books published by the Orlik publishing house in 2018 and 2019.
The joint work of the publishing house with the literary fund and the publishing house "Aini" - the release of two books: "Journey from Bukhara to St. Petersburg" by the Tajik writer, philosopher and educator Ahmad Donish; the second book is a collection of rubaiyat by Omar Khayyam.
How to get to the library, opening hours, address
Any Orlovetian and guest of the city can visit the library or participate in a holiday or a suitable cultural event in accordance with the organization's working hours.
Bunin Library Opening Hours, Orel:
- from Monday to Thursday the establishment is open from 9:00 to 20:00;
- on Saturday and Sunday working day from 10:00 to18:00;
- day off: Friday.
Sanitary day - on the last Monday of each month.
Anyone can sign up for the library or visit the selected event at the address: Orel, Maxim Gorky Street, 43.
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