2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-07-31 00:17
Books occupy a very important place in the life of a modern person. Educational, scientific, entertaining, specialized - they are all equally needed. And it does not matter in what form they are presented: traditional print, electronic or audio. All the same, any book is a source of information of one kind or another, available to anyone who takes it.
Of course, the value of books cannot be overestimated. The same can be said about the science that studies them - literature. Its basics are taught at school, and anyone can continue to study it. This article is designed to help you.
Literary theory is one of the most important components of literary criticism. This concept is very closely related to philosophy and aesthetics, which contribute to its understanding and explanation. It is based on the history and criticism of literature, but at the same time it substantiates them, forming with them a single and indivisible whole. But what does literary theory study?
It will not be possible to answer this question in one word, since this section of science has three types: socialist, formalist and historical.
In the first, all forces rush to the study of reflectionreality (figurative). In the foreground are such concepts as artistry, class, nationality, worldview, party spirit, method.
Formalist theory of literature studies the structure and ways of constructing various works (both poetic and prose). It focuses on the idea, style, theme, versification, plot, and so on.
Well, the historical theory of literature, as the name implies, directly studies the literary process and its changes associated with the passage of time. Genres and gender matter in it.
Summarizing all three types, we can conclude that this branch of science gives all its strength to the study of various works and the definition of their genre, style, historical significance, class character, as well as the search for a plot line, theme and idea.
From this we can conclude that the basics of literary theory are familiar to many ordinary people - most book lovers use them to one degree or another.
This branch of science deals with many problems. Among them are those related to poetics and methodology. Of course, we should not forget about the function of literature, the problems of which are also studied by theory.
In other words, it can be called the meaning, the role of various works.
So, for example, the function of educational literature is to present useful information in an appropriate form. Artistic works should give pleasure to the reader, perform political, communicative, aesthetic,cognitive and other roles. And children's literature should teach, educate (have instructive motives), contribute to the development of a small reader. She must be able to attract the attention of the child and fully correspond to the normal level of development of the age category for which she is intended. In addition, children's literature should perform aesthetic, moral, cognitive, cultural and other functions.
A literary movement is something that is often identified with a school or literary group. Means a group of creative individuals, they are characterized by programmatic and aesthetic unity, as well as ideological and artistic similarity
Literary quiz is repeatedly used by teachers in secondary schools. This is a kind of control of acquired knowledge on the topics covered. It depends on the careful preparation of the teacher how exciting and high-quality the result will be
Raskolnikov's theory in the novel "Crime and Punishment" is the central subject of the image. Dostoevsky refutes it, asserting humanism and the need to follow Christian commandments
The unity of the content and form of a literary work is achieved in the process of detailed plot planning. With the right construction of the plot, the author clearly knows which scenes he needs, which dialogues are appropriate, and which ones need to be deleted. The categories of form and content were analyzed by all famous philosophers and writers: Aristotle, Hegel, Mikhail Lotman
One of Johann Sebastian Bach's most famous creations is called the Well-Tempered Clavier, or "HTK" for short. How should this heading be understood? He points out that all the works in the cycle were written for the clavier, which has a temperamental scale, that is, the one that is typical for most modern musical instruments. What are its features, and how did it appear? You will learn about this and much more from the article