2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
It should be recognized that Svyatoslav Rybas is a writer with a pro-elite political position. He is positioned as the author of historical novels. His literary opponents are Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Varlam Shalamov, Fazil Iskander, Zakhar Prilepin.
In the work of Rybas, the method of positivism replaced the instrumental view of history. The latter lies in the fact that the past is motivated to oblige to work for the present. In the case of insufficient arguments, the story is edited, villainy is obscured in it, and the facts are selected one-sidedly, under the put forward concept.
The writer's understanding of the future of Russian society is strictly reduced to the imperial tradition, and, accordingly, within its framework, he sets out his view of it. The author is captivated by the scale of the acts of persons with unlimited power, however, at the same time, he only formally draws attention to the purely human aspects of being. Heroes of the most significant books of Svyatoslav Yurievichare well-known Russian political figures, whom he frankly idealizes, novels about which were published in the series "The Life of Remarkable People".
The works of the hero of this article are evidence of the current crisis of Russian literature. Writers become publicists. Possessing an artistic word, being able to work with documents, Svyatoslav Yuryevich Rybas, unfortunately, is predictable in his work. He has always and relentlessly worked and is working within the framework of the dominant ideology in society. Drawing an analogy with "The Wolf Hunt" by Vladimir Vysotsky, he is the author who will never step over the flags.
This is not the communist Sholokhov, who allowed his talent to overcome political attachments. The hero of this article is prudent, motivated in the selection of historical plots, creating idols for his compatriots.
The main idea of creativity
Where to begin to describe the biography of the writer, the main idea of whose work is the consolidation of society around the elite at all stages of history?
Svyatoslav Yurievich Rybas does not write about the people, he does not seek to get to the bottom of the souls of the suffering, as Dostoevsky did. The author creates seasoned ideologically historical books about rulers, about reformers in favor of big business, about nationalists, about people involved in macropolitics.
The irony of fate Rybas, who made an attempt to create an image of Stalin attractive to the modern mass reader, was born on 1946-08-05 in Stalinskayaregion (Makeevka). His father, Yuri Mikhailovich, was awarded the Stalin Prize as a scientist for developing explosion-proof lighting for coal mines. As evidenced by the biography of Svyatoslav Rybas, his grandfather, Vitaly Ivanovich, was a White Guard. Rybas writes about him in the book “Moscow vs St. Petersburg…”.
Before finding a writing vocation, Svyatoslav Yuryevich learned mining work, worked as a junior employee at a research institute, and then as a journalist.
At twenty-seven, Rybas received a diploma from the Literary Institute. He clearly imagined the nuances of the correspondence of texts to ideological guidelines, sensitively caught even slight hints of negativity in society, and fully recognized the presumption of state secrecy. He is valued as a master of political correctness, as evidenced by the positions of deputy editor-in-chief of the Young Guard and Literary Russia publishing houses, the curator of the editorial offices of folk art and music programs, and the political observer of Central Television, which he held.
The initial stage of creativity
In 1974, journalist Svyatoslav Rybas began his campaign in literature with the story “Donbass Above Us”. The work of the then beginning writer in the Soviet period is characterized by artistry and moderate ideologization. Being a workaholic, he really works a lot and systematically. From his pen come the novels "Glass Wall", "Morozov's Variants", collections of novels and short stories "On Wheels" and "What will you say goodbye."
After the collapseThe USSR accomplished writer Rybas subtly felt the relevance of the theme of the renaissance of the imperial theme, and concentrated his efforts on it. His ideal is an eternal state - an empire, unconditionally embracing in space and time all the people living in it, united by the idea of the highest transcendental truth. Moreover, all the people are led by a sole, sacred and secular power.
Starting from the 90s, the writer's work has been dominated by novels published in the famous series of books "The Life of Remarkable People" by the "Young Guard" publishing house. We are talking about the works "Stalin", "Stolypin", "General Kutepov", "Gromyko", "Vasily Shulgin", "The Fate of a Russian Nationalist". The books are written with a clear claim to absolute historicism. One should pay tribute to Svyatoslav Yuryevich in working out a large mass of documentary material.
But Svyatoslav Rybas, carried away by his work, hardly hears the arguments of his compatriots about their relatives who died from repressions. Stalin, acting on the principle "the end justifies the means", alas, is an absolute for him.
The writer's argumentation is terrible for a thoughtful reader with its inhumanity, actual indifference to innocent victims. It is noteworthy that in an interview he formally recognizes them. However, building his further reasoning, he invariably pronounces a short and very eloquent word “but”. After that, he begins, at first cautiously, and then with inspiration, to chant the Leader of the Peoples.
Following the channelideologies
Rybas' view of the figure of the reformer Stolypin is just as subjective and far from a comprehensive historical assessment.
Manipulating statistics, the writer promotes the idea of glorifying the pro-government reformer. He, ignoring alternative projects, is trying to prove the progressiveness of the ideas of Pyotr Arkadyevich. Meanwhile, a more effective agricultural policy was proposed by a contemporary of the reformer, Professor Chayanov, booed and ignored by his compatriots. Stolypin's project died out with his death. Chayanov's project, based on cooperation, after 70 years raised the agricultural economy of half of the countries of Latin America.
It is noteworthy that on the stage of one of the capital's theaters there was a premiere of the play by the same author "Conspiracy of the tops or total coup" (another name is "Coup d'état"). What can be said about another, absurd in its essence, historical juggling - the conspiracy of the Russian elite against Nicholas II? According to the creative concept of Rybas the playwright, a conspiracy against the emperor was created in 1916 by high-ranking officials, and a “third party”, which was the Bolsheviks, took advantage of it. The question arises, how to adequately comment on such a logical embarrassment?
Many talented people of the state were not awarded any distinctions. One can recall, at least, the absolutely brilliant Vladimir Vysotsky or the Soviet theater critic Natalya Krymova, who throughout her creative life opposed officialdom with high professionalism. True, she was awarded one award, and that was by accident.
Svyatoslav Rybas was lucky in this respect. His awards are not limited to prizes (N. Ostrovsky, A. Nevsky, A. Delvig, N. Karamzin). The writer was awarded the Russian orders "Saint Anna" 2nd and 3rd degree.
In addition, Svyatoslav Rybas also has awards from the Russian Orthodox Church: the orders of Sergius of Radonezh, Seraphim of Sarov, Daniil of Moscow. At one time, he chaired the Foundation, which was related to the restoration of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior. As you can see, the ways of the Lord are inscrutable, because we are talking about an author who is trying to whitewash Joseph Stalin, a man who repeatedly violated God's First Commandment.
Summarizing the views of readers who oppose the hero of this article, we will try to figure out who Svyatoslav Rybas is for them. The answer lies on the surface: by no means an engineer of human souls, but rather a lawyer for the Empire. Technically, he is an editor who retouches history, slyly justifying the violent extermination of millions of relatives of his potential readers with the highest expediency.
By the way, this technique - to make history serve as a sacralization of power, is by no means new. It has been practiced since the Middle Ages. Both forgery and deceit were used. In particular, the Italian humanist Lorenzo Valla proved that the document by which Emperor Constantine transferred power to the popes, the Gift of Constantine, is a fake. Time puts everything in its place. In the future, a real destroyermedieval myths about God-given power was made by Rene Descartes.
However, let's get back to the hero of the article, who is trying to return his people to the Middle Ages with his writings. Svyatoslav Rybas, unfortunately, is not alone in this. Today there are a number of writers who practice an instrumental approach to history, working fruitfully in the field of the so-called "historical business".
I would like to hope that in the near future Russian literary criticism will create its fans to get to the bottom of the truth. That she would finally wake up from her sleep and give a proper assessment of the literature that played along with politics. Nevertheless, such creativity should reveal the truth and serve its people.
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