2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
How often people who are far from art do not understand abstract painting, considering it incomprehensible scribbles and a provocation that brings discord into the minds. They make fun of the creations of authors who do not strive to accurately depict the world around them.
What is abstract art?
Opening up new possibilities for expressing their own thoughts and feelings, the famous abstract artists abandoned the usual techniques, ceasing to copy reality. They believed that this art accustoms a person to a philosophical way of life. The painters were looking for a new language to express the emotions that overwhelmed them, and found it in colorful spots and clean lines that affect not the mind, but the soul.
Abstract art, which has become a symbol of a new era, isa direction that has abandoned forms that are as close as possible to reality. Not everyone understands, it gave impetus to the development of cubism and expressionism. The main characteristic of abstractionism is non-objectivity, that is, there are no recognizable objects on the canvas, and the audience sees something incomprehensible and beyond the control of logic, which is beyond the bounds of the usual perception.
The most famous abstract artists and their paintings are a priceless treasure for mankind. Canvases painted in this style express the harmony of shapes, lines, color spots. Bright combinations have their own idea and meaning, despite the fact that it seems to the viewer that there is nothing in the works, except for bizarre blots. However, in abstraction, everything obeys certain rules of expression.
"Father" of the new style
Wasily Kandinsky, a legendary figure in the art of the 20th century, is recognized as the founder of a unique style. The Russian painter with his work wanted to make the viewer feel the same as he does. It seems surprising, but an important event in the world of physics inspired the future artist to a new worldview. The discovery of the decomposition of the atom seriously influenced the formation of the most famous abstract artist.
"It turns out that everything can be decomposed into separate components, and this sensation echoed in me like the destruction of the whole world," said Kandinsky, who was an outstanding singer of the time of change. Just as physics opened the microcosm, so did painting penetrate the soul.human.
Artist and philosopher
Gradually, the famous abstract artist in his work moves away from the detailing of his works and experiments with color. The sensitive philosopher sends light into the very depths of the human heart and creates canvases with strong emotional content, where his colors are compared with the notes of a beautiful melody. In the first place in the works of the author is not the plot of the canvas, but feelings. Kandinsky himself considered the human soul to be a multi-stringed piano, and compared the artist to a hand that, by pressing a certain key (color combination), causes it to vibrate.
A master who gives people hints to realize their creativity, is looking for harmony in chaos. He paints canvases where a thin but clear thread can be traced that connects abstraction with reality. For example, in the work "Improvisation 31" ("Sea Battle") in color spots, you can guess the images of boats: sailing ships on canvas resist the elements and rolling waves. So the author tried to tell about the eternal battle of man with the outside world.
Famous abstract artists of the 20th century who worked in America are students of Kandinsky. His work had a huge impact on expressive abstractionism. The Armenian emigrant Arshile Gorki (Vozdanik Adoyan) created in a new style. He developed a special technique: he laid out white canvases on the floor and poured paint on them from buckets. When she frozethe master scratched lines in it, making something like bas-reliefs.
Gorka's creations are full of bright colors. "The Aroma of Apricots in the Fields" is a typical canvas where sketches of flowers, fruits, insects are transformed into a single composition. The viewer feels the pulsation emanating from the work, done in bright orange and rich red tones.
Rotkovich and his unusual technique
When it comes to the most famous abstract artists, one cannot fail to mention Markus Rotkovich, a Jewish immigrant. The talented student of Gorka influenced the audience with the intensity and depth of colorful membranes: he superimposed two or three color rectangular spaces one above the other. And they seemed to pull the person inside so that he experienced catharsis (purification). The creator of unusual paintings himself recommended that they be viewed at a distance of at least 45 centimeters. He said that his work is a journey into an unknown world, where the viewer is unlikely to prefer to go on his own.
The most expensive work of the author is the painting "Orange, Red, Yellow". For three rectangles with blurry outlines, the collector laid out almost 87 million dollars.
In the late 40s of the last century, one of the most famous abstract artists, Jackson Pollock, invented a new paint splatter technique - drip, which became a realsensation. She divided the world into two camps: those who recognized the author's paintings as brilliant, and those who called them daubs, unworthy of being called art. The creator of unique creations never stretched the canvases on the canvas, but placed them on the wall or floor. He walked around with a can of paint mixed with sand, gradually plunging into a trance and dancing. It seems that he accidentally poured a multi-colored liquid, but his every movement was thought out and meaningful: the artist took into account the force of gravity and the absorption of paint by the canvas. The result was an abstract confusion, consisting of blots of different sizes and lines. For his invented style, Pollock was dubbed "Sprinkler Jack".
The most famous abstract artist gave his works not names, but numbers, so that the viewer had freedom of imagination. "Painting No. 5", which was in a private collection, was hidden from the eyes of the public for a long time. A hype begins around the shrouded in a veil of mystery masterpiece, and finally it appears at Sotheby's auction, instantly becoming the most expensive masterpiece at that time (its cost is $ 140 million).
Find your own formula to understand abstractionism
Is there a universal formula that will allow the viewer to perceive abstract art? Perhaps in this case, everyone will have to find their own guidelines based on personal experience, inner feelings and a great desire to discover the unknown. If a person wants to discover the secret messages of the authors, hewill definitely find it, because it is so tempting to look behind the outer shell and see the idea, which is an important component of abstractionism.
It is difficult to overestimate the revolution in traditional art, which was made by famous abstract artists and their paintings. They forced society to look at the world in a new way, to see different colors in it, to appreciate unusual forms and content.
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