2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
People in the story of N. V. Gogol do not seem to be submissive at all. Being real Cossacks, they are free in the work, ruthless and merciless to the enemies of the Motherland, traitors and traitors. All heroes have intelligence, pride, nobility. They are able to endure any difficulties for the sake of their native land.
Description of the main character
The image of the main character, Taras Bulba, is endowed not only with parental severity, but also with tenderness. He is a father, both for his relatives by blood sons, and for the Cossacks, who entrusted him with command over himself. Taras Bulba is a cruel, strict and formidable person. Despite this, he is a good family man and a quick-witted, cheerful military leader who knows how to light people's hearts with a word.
Paintings with Bulba
This is a hero whose image is captured not only in prose and poetry, but also in paintings. The most famous canvases are:
- "The Cossacks write a letter to the Turkish Sultan" (I. Repin);
- "Taras Bulba" (E. Kibrik);
- "Taras Bulba" (A. Bubnov);
- "Meeting of Taras Bulba with his sons" (T. Shevchenko).
The history of the creation of the first canvas is interesting. The plot was a letter of the Cossacks to the Turkish Sultan. This was an insulting response from the Zaporizhian Cossacks, which they wrote to the Ottoman Sultan (presumably Mehmed IV) in response to his ultimatum. In it, he demanded to stop attacking the Sublime Porte (Ottoman Empire) and surrender. The Cossacks answered this with a rude mockery.
The artist Repin began work on the "Cossacks" in 1879, in 1887 he completed the first sketch. Historians describe the process as follows:
In search of the greatest expressiveness of the composition, Repin sculpted small figures of the Cossacks in various poses from clay and arranged them into groups. Numerous details of the picture - costumes, utensils, ancient powder flasks, cradles, sabers, Turkish guns with inlay, bandura, baklaga, white scroll - everything is painted from nature, from genuine historical items.
Repin worked on the painting for a total of almost fourteen years. He repeatedly changed the image options. The artist finally stopped working on the canvas in 1893.
Pictures of nature in the story "Taras Bulba"
In his work, N. V. Gogol not only tells about the fearless Ukrainian Cossacks, but also masterfully describes landscapes. The image of the steppe is the image of a beautiful and mighty motherland. Natural paintings in "Taras Bulba" the author describes withspecial love:
The steppe became more and more beautiful. Then the whole south, all the space that makes up the present Novorossia, to the very Black Sea, was a green, virgin desert. Never had a plow passed over immeasurable waves of wild plants. Only the horses, hiding in them, as in a forest, trampled them. Nothing in nature could be better. The entire surface of the earth seemed to be a green-gold ocean, over which millions of different colors splashed. Through the thin, tall stalks of grass, blue, blue and purple hairs showed through; yellow gorse jumped up with its pyramidal top; white porridge was full of umbrella-shaped caps on the surface; brought in God knows where the ear of wheat poured into the thick. Partridges darted under their thin roots, stretching out their necks. The air was filled with a thousand different bird whistles. The hawks stood motionless in the sky, spreading their wings and motionlessly fixing their eyes on the grass. The cry of a cloud of wild geese moving to the side resounded in God knows what distant lake. A gull rose from the grass with measured waves and luxuriously bathed in the blue waves of the air. There she disappeared in the sky and only flickers like one black dot. There she turned her wings and flashed in front of the sun…
This description is rich in rich colors and detailed, which helps to almost instantly imagine the landscape before your eyes. Pictures, following one after another, add up to one lively composition with an amazing combination of sounds of nature. So lyrically to convey this beauty in words could only be truly talentedman.
Free steppes not only give aesthetic pleasure, but also contribute to the deepest understanding of the freedom-loving nature of the Cossacks. In the story "Taras Bulba" pictures of nature help the reader to better understand the inner state of the characters.
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