2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
The work of A. S. Pushkin called “Dubrovsky” is called by literary critics either a robbery novel or a story. It was written in the 30s of the 19th century, but the author himself considered the plot unfinished. Pushkin did not finish his offspring, intending to return to the story and continue working on its content, to complete the study of the fate of the main characters. The idea of the novel was drawn by the writer from the stories of his close friend Nashchokin about a certain Belarusian nobleman imprisoned after a cruel lawsuit with a rich neighbor.
Reality and reality
As can be seen from the diary entries of Alexander Sergeevich, he became extremely interested in the adventurous and romantic story of the life of the landowner Ostrovsky. It was in the events of his fate that the writer found the storylines for his story. And the conflict that broke out between the prototypes of the work explains to us what circumstances forced Vladimir Dubrovsky to become a robber. The petty nobleman Ostrovsky, after the intrigues of his noble and unprincipledneighbor was deprived of his estate, land and serfs. The same thing happened with both Dubrovskys - father and son. With a small handful of devoted peasants, Ostrovsky began to rob, taking revenge on clerks for wrong court decisions, and then on other landowners. This is what caused the rebellion of a real person. These are the circumstances that forced Vladimir Dubrovsky to become a robber after his father died. However, there is a significant difference between the heroes of real and fictional stories. Pushkin had to think and generalize a lot, because his hero is not just a cast from a specific human fate, but also an artistic image, typified and containing many characters. And the story itself is a vivid example of Pushkin's realism, showing the formation and development of the method in his work.
Roots of the conflict
To understand what circumstances forced Vladimir Dubrovsky to become a robber, you need to carefully study the beginning of the story. Its first lines are dedicated to Kirill Petrovich Troekurov, a we althy landowner favored by the authorities. Pushkin calls Troekurov briefly and precisely - a petty tyrant. Indeed, the whole district suffers from his mad, indomitable temper and cruel tricks. Kirill Petrovich does not have to ridicule, humiliate, offend everyone in the neighborhood. And with complete impunity. Serf masters are as arrogant and unscrupulous as their master. Only one person is on an equal footing with Troekurov - old Dubrovsky, his old friend. None of the neighbors this friendshipit is not clear, nor is it why only with Andrei Gavrilovich, extremely independent and proud, Kirilla Petrovich behaves respectfully and complacently. But an accident destroyed the idyll, and yesterday's good comrades became irreconcilable enemies. It is this event that sheds light on what circumstances forced Vladimir Dubrovsky to become a robber.
Humiliated and insulted
Kirilla Petrovich decided in his own way to put Andrei Gavrilovich in his place and punish him approximately, so that everyone in the province could not even think of disobeying Troekurov at least in something. Turning to the clerks in court, he declared his rights to Kistenevka and the village adjacent to it and the birch grove. The meeting in court of former comrades is one of the most tense moments in the story. It is at the moment of the announcement of the court decision that Andrei Gavrilovich goes crazy, and instead of triumph, Troekurov experiences burning shame, regret and repentance. The desire to avenge his father is what made Vladimir Dubrovsky become a robber when he learned about the causes of the old man's mental suffering.
The nanny of the young heir, Yegorovna, wrote about everything that happened at home, in St. Petersburg, to her pupil. She begged Vladimir to come as soon as possible - to support the priest and take care of them, the unfortunate peasants whom the judges were going to transfer under the rule of the hated Troekurov. Dubrovsky Jr. immediately returned to his homeland. The meeting of father and son is described by Pushkin as sincerely devoted and loving people. ByIronically, on the same day and hour, Troekurov, extremely regretting everything he had done, went to Kistenevka to ask his friend for forgiveness, to offer to forget all misunderstandings, return the documents to the estate and live as before. Seeing through the window a carriage with his foe, old Dubrovsky went into great agitation and died in his son's arms. The death of his father, the only relative, the desire to take revenge on the offenders forced Vladimir Dubrovsky to become a robber.
Fire and riot
The last straw in the fateful combination of circumstances was the arrival in Kistenevka of a police officer with judges. Vladimir faces them immediately after the funeral. Representatives of the authorities came to make an inventory of the property and take possession of the estate of the new owner - Kirill Petrovich. The peasants rebelled, Dubrovsky hardly kept them from a bloody skirmish with the newcomers. He has already decided what to do. When the judges settled down in the house, made a feast with a mountain, and then fell asleep right in the dining room among food and drinks, the courtyards, by order of the young master, set fire to the house. He instantly blazed. The servants closed the windows and doors so that no one could get out from inside. Public opinion placed responsibility for the arson and murder on the former owner of Kistenevka. And the robber Vladimir Dubrovsky, having put together a detachment of the most devoted peasants and courtyards, began to instill fear in the neighboring estates, slowly getting close to his main enemy - Troyekurov. Under the guise of a Frenchman Desforges, a young man enters the house of Kirilla Petrovich. But love for his daughter, Masha, changesrevengeful plans. After many dangerous adventures with a broken heart, Vladimir goes abroad.
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