2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
Art is such a sphere of human activity, which is addressed to his emotional, aesthetic side of personality. Through auditory and visual images, through associative series and intense mental and spiritual work, there is a kind of communication with the creator of a work of art and those for whom it was created: listener, reader, viewer.
Meaning of term
A work of art is a concept associated primarily with literature. This term is understood not just any coherent text, but carrying a certain aesthetic load. It is this nuance that distinguishes such a work from, for example, a scientific treatise or a business document.
The work of art is distinguished by figurativeness. It does not matter whether this is a multi-volume novel or just a quatrain. Imagery is understood as the saturation of the text with expressive and pictorial linguistic means. At the level of vocabulary, this is expressed in the use by the author of such tropes as epithets, metaphors, hyperbole,personifications, etc. At the level of syntax, a work of art can be saturated with inversions, rhetorical figures, syntactic repetitions or joints, etc.
A literary text is characterized by a second, additional, deep meaning. The subtext is guessed by a number of signs. Such a phenomenon is not characteristic of business and scientific texts, the task of which is to convey any reliable information.
A work of art is associated with such concepts as the theme and idea, the position of the author. The topic is what the text is about: what events are described in it, what era is covered, what subject is being considered. Thus, the subject of the image in landscape lyrics is nature, its states, complex manifestations of life, reflection of the spiritual states of a person through the states of nature. The idea of a work of art is the thoughts, ideals, views that are expressed in the work. So, the main idea of the famous Pushkin's "I remember a wonderful moment …" is to show the unity of love and creativity, understanding love as the main driving, reviving and inspiring principle. And the position or point of view of the author is the attitude of the poet, writer to those ideas, heroes that are depicted in his creation. It may be controversial, it may not coincide with the main line of criticism, but it is precisely this that is the main criterion in evaluating the text, identifying its ideological and semantic side.
A work of art is a unity of form and content. Every kindliterary text is built according to its own laws and must comply with them. So, the novel traditionally raises problems of a social nature, depicts the life of a class or social system, through which, as in a prism, the problems and spheres of life of society as a whole are reflected. In the lyrical poem, the intense life of the soul is reflected, emotional experiences are conveyed. According to critics, in a real work of art nothing can be added or subtracted: everything is there, as it should be.
The aesthetic function is realized in a literary text through the language of a work of art. In this regard, such texts can serve as textbooks, since give examples of magnificent prose unsurpassed in beauty and charm. It is no coincidence that foreigners who want to learn the language of a foreign country as best as possible are advised to read, first of all, time-tested classics. For example, the prose of Turgenev, Bunin are wonderful examples of mastering all the richness of the Russian word and the ability to convey its beauty.
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