2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
In Soviet times, the cinema of Russia and the CIS countries was at its peak. Famous directors created simple, understandable, but at the same time masterpiece pictures, in which everything was in moderation. Many masters have already passed away, and, unfortunately, no one has taken their place. But there are modern representatives of the cinema world who are especially popular.
Famous Soviet directors: Eldar Ryazanov
Of course, you cannot list all the worthy Soviet directors, simply because there were too many of them - from Stanislavsky and Vakhtangov to Menshov, Maslennikov, Druzhinina and many others.
But the list called "Famous directors of the USSR" would be incomplete if the name of Eldar Ryazanov, a great master of comedies, was not indicated there.
Ryazanov with his paintings penetrated into the very heart of the culture of the Soviet period. Every New Year for people began with the "Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath" or with the "Carnivalnight." Day by day, kind and funny films were broadcast on central television, such as “Office romance”, “Old nags”, “Hussar ballad”, “Station for two”. The value of Ryazan's paintings was that the viewer, while watching, had the opportunity to laugh and feel sad, and sometimes even cry.
The master of Soviet cinema passed away in 2015
Georgy Danelia and Leonid Gaidai
Famous directors of the Soviet period mainly worked in the genre of drama or lyrical comedy.
The same can be said about Tbilisi-born Georgy Danelia, who directed such cult films as "I'm walking around Moscow", "Afonya" and "Mimino". Danelia's paintings have long been taken apart for quotes. Who doesn’t know Valiko’s phrase “I want Larisa Ivanovna”?
Leonid Gaidai, the creator of the legendary fool Shurik, worked in a slightly different style. Famous directors in Soviet times tried to smooth and disguise their satire on Soviet everyday life. Leonid Gaidai used very apt and sharp humor. Atypical people became the heroes of his films: moonshiners, crooks, adventurers, negligent officials. Among the best creations of Gaidai is a cycle called "Operation Y", as well as "Prisoner of the Caucasus", "12 Chairs" and "Diamond Arm".
Famous theater directors: Mark Zakharov and Oleg Yefremov
Significant people also worked in the theatrical field. True, these directors rarely made films, and these films were not always popular due to their excessive "theatricality".
For example, Mark Zakharov is famous primarily for his musical and theatrical performances ("Juno and Avos", "The Star and Death of Joaquin Murieta"). The secret of his success lay not only in the ability to find an interesting stage solution for a play, but also to select unique musical material for it. Zakharov worked closely with the composer Alexei Rybnikov, who knew how to write real hits for the master's productions.
Zakharov also made films: "Formula of Love", "12 Chairs", "Ordinary Miracle". But these paintings are filled with metaphors and philosophical meaning, so they were not a product for an ordinary Soviet citizen.
Oleg Efremov is no less famous person in the theatrical world, artistic director of the Sovremennik Theatre. In the cinema, his strength as a director, however, he tried only a few times.
Nikita Mikhalkov and Stanislav Govorukhin
The most famous directors of the Soviet period, who were able to stay afloat even after the collapse of the country and cinema, are Mikhalkov and Govorukhin.
Nikita Mikhalkov released his first film in the late 60s. In the 1970s, he made the popular films Slave of Love and A Few Days in the Life of Oblomov. In 1994, Mikhalkov received an Oscar for his film titled Burnt by the Sun. Then there was the spectacular drama "The Barber of Siberia" and the film "Sunstroke", which in 2016 will qualify for the "Oscar". Also, Nikita Sergeevich is the permanent chairman of the Union of CinematographersRussia.
Stanislav Govorukhin did not receive Oscars, but he made cult films that mean a lot to the Russian audience: "Vertical", "The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed", "In Search of Captain Grant". In the 2000s, viewers saw no less exciting pictures of Voroshilov Shooter and Bless the Woman. Recently, the master released the film "The End of a Beautiful Era", based on the stories of Sergei Dovlatov.
Vladimir Bortko managed to shoot a little during the Soviet period. But his films are filled with drama and will not leave anyone indifferent: “The Blonde Around the Corner” is a story about a failed scientist broken by fate; "Heart of a Dog" - the second and quite successful film adaptation of Bulgakov's immortal work; "The Afghan Break" is a dramatic description of a difficult period in Soviet history.
In the 2000s, the director switched to the series format, but the projects he created are no worse than any feature film: the 1st and 2nd seasons of Gangster Petersburg, The Idiot, The Master and Margarita. Bortko also made a feature film "Taras Bulba" based on Gogol's story. The project involved an international cast.
In the 60s. of the last century, Sergei Bondarchuk shot the cult film "War and Peace", which conquered many countries and states, and also won an Oscar. Since then, not a single director, even a Hollywood one, has been able to create a picture based on the work of L. Tolstoy better and better.
Sergey Bondarchuk became the founder of one of the mostfamous cinematographic dynasties in Russia.
Famous Russian directors who know how to make not only commercial, but also feature films at the same time, are in the minority today.
In their attempts to make a purely "Hollywood" movie, representatives of Russian cinema are often ridiculous, because they deviate from the very essence of Russian culture: all the best works of Russian art are first of all psychological and sensual, and only then spectacular in form.
One of the few who cares about content and entertainment at the same time is Andrey Kravchuk. It’s hard to find fault with his film “Admiral”: the project is filled with meaning, clothed in an attractive form. What's more, the movie did well at the box office.
Now Kravchuk is working on the film "Viking", which will premiere at the end of 2016. So far, no one knows if the script is good. But the first trailer showed that the spectacle will be quite exciting.
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