2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
The problematics of Lermontov's works is still one of the most interesting topics in literary criticism. After all, the work of Mikhail Yuryevich provides a vast ground for reflection, it strikes with its depth, as well as the range of feelings and emotions embedded in them. In many ways, the theme of Lermontov's work is connected with his biography, in addition, it is dictated to the writer by time itself. In this regard, poetry, lyrical-epic works and the author's prose should be considered separately.
M. Y. Lermontov left a huge legacy in the form of his immortal poems. He began to write very early, and even the very first experiments were imbued with great feelings. The problems of Lermontov's works allow us to divide all his lyrical works into several categories:
1. Poems about loneliness, in which the main motive is misunderstanding, a break with people.
2. Poet and poetry.
3. Poems about love.
4. Poems about nature, about the Motherland.
5. Poems about war.
Let's look at each of the categories.
Lermontov's poemsabout loneliness
Mikhail Lermontov was brought up by his grandmother. He did not recognize either paternal or maternal love. Perhaps this is what influenced all the work of the poet. In particular, this had an impact on the formation of this theme of creativity. Lermontov was worried about how people treated him. He was also depressed by the mores that prevailed in his time. An example is the poem "How often surrounded by a motley crowd", in which one hears a cruel reproach to a hypocritical society. Heroes of Lermontov are often carried away to the world of dreams, in this text it is the world of childhood, carefree and pure. In later work, the motive of loneliness ceases to be associated with accusations, but it intensifies even more. How strong the lines of the poem "The Rock" sound! In eight lines, the poet managed to express all the pain and longing of a lonely heart. This issue of Lermontov's works is closely connected with such images as a sail, a leaf, a cliff.
Poems about nature
Lermontov had the warmest feelings for Russian landscapes. It is in nature that his lyrical hero feels more calm, balanced and harmonious. The most striking work dedicated to the beauty of Russian nature is "When the yellowing field is agitated." The piece is very harmonious and melodic. The first three stanzas are a description of nature. Lermontov revives what surrounds him. The field is worried, the raspberry plum is “hiding in the garden”, the lily of the valley “nods its head amiably”. Admiring what is happening, the hero begins to feel humility and peace, all his worriesfade away, and in heaven he begins to see the face of God.
The problems of Lermontov's works about human feelings are not limited to loneliness. The poet also pays attention to love. True, love in his lyrics is always shown as a tragedy. From the very first poems, Lermontov draws us a tragic relationship between the lyrical hero and his beloved. The hero suffers because of ridicule, misunderstanding. The most striking example is the poem "The Beggar". It is built on the principle of psychological parallelism. The first part is the story of a beggar who, instead of alms, was given a stone in his hand. The second part is the deceived feelings of the lyrical hero. After Lermontov met Varvara Lopukhina, the mood changes. Now the feelings are mutual, but the lovers are not allowed to be together. This is the poem "We are accidentally brought together by fate."
The themes of Lermontov's creativity are not limited to feelings. He also addressed the topic of war. The peculiarity of the poetry of this subject is that Lermontov pays great attention to the unnaturalness of violence. So, in the poem "Valerik" the poet draws the beautiful nature of the Caucasus, she is not interested in the bloody events arranged by people. In the poem "Borodino" Lermontov refers to the theme of the historical past of his native country, he admires the former might of the nation. This is a deeply patriotic piece.
The most striking prose work was the novel "The Hero of Ourtime". In the center of the image is Pechorin. This is a hero who does things thoughtlessly. He destroys people without realizing it. At the same time, Pechorin is deeply convinced that people do not understand him, that many are unworthy of him. In fact, he is talented and smart, he can be admired. But there are features that cannot be called positive: the inability to make friends and love, pride and selfishness. The problems that Lermontov raises (the summary of the work clearly shows this) are the search for a hero of the time and the debunking of modern egocentric youth, as well as moral issues.
One of the brightest poems by Mikhail Lermontov - "Mtsyri". A lonely romantic hero is abandoned by the will of fate in a monastery. He is brought up in it, but does not feel at home. Mtsyri feels his restlessness, he is as if in prison, he dreams of getting free. The problems of Lermontov's works intersect in this poem. Both the theme of loneliness and the theme of freedom are raised here, and it is clearly seen how reverently Lermontov treats nature.
In addition, the poem is a prime example of a romantic work. Mtsyri aspires to the world of dreams. After spending one day in the wild, he understands what real life is. Staying in the monastery now becomes impossible. Having received mortal wounds in a fight with a leopard (the personification of the violent forces of nature), Mtsyri dies. Such is the tragic pathos of the entire work of the writer. Heroes of Lermontov in a clash withReality most often lose. Their dreams are not destined to come true, but even in this world life is unbearable.
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No truly talented poet can write on the same topics, this also applies to the great writer of the century before last, Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov. In his works, the reader can hear the confession of this great man, because all poems are personal stories that the poet had a chance to experience, they hide his soul and feelings. The main themes and motifs of Lermontov's lyrics relate to the role of the poet, the fate of the people, the poet devotes many poems to the motherland and nature
Grigory Pechorin - this is the real "hero of our time" (and any other), because the questions raised by the author are beyond any era. They were, are and will always arise as long as the human race is alive. What are the problems of the work "A Hero of Our Time"?
"I was called to sing your sufferings…" - these lines of N. Nekrasov fully reflect the main focus of his poems and poems. The hard lot of the Russian people and the lawlessness reigning in landlord Russia, the fate of the intelligentsia, who embarked on a difficult path of struggle, and the feat of the Decembrists, the appointment of the poet and love for a woman - these are the topics to which the poet devoted his works
Features of Lermontov's creativity are manifested in each of his works. After all, everything that Mikhail Yuryevich wrote is a great poetic book in which he talks, first of all, about his inner world