2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
Russian poetry is an extremely bright, expressive and diverse phenomenon. It was shaped by Trediakovsky and Sumarokov, Lomonosov and Derzhavin, defining the spiritual orientation and aesthetic criteria. They, so to speak, paved the way for the emergence of Pushkin, Lermontov and other luminaries of verse. But what was done for Russian literature by Vasily Andreyevich Zhukovsky is difficult to overestimate. No wonder the great Pushkin called Zhukovsky his teacher all his life.
Romantic in literature and in life
Poet, translator, literary critic, memoirist, Vasily Andreevich was a multi-talented person. A special origin, a failed personal life left a dramatic imprint on his fate. And he became a romantic not only because of the proximity of this direction to his own movements of the soul, but also under the influence of external circumstances. The portrait of Zhukovsky by the famous Kiprensky (1816year), and then later, written by the artist Sokolov in the 20s. On both we see an extremely expressive face, full of inspiration and disturbing thoughts. It seems that the poet is immersed in himself, but at the same time he tries to listen to the movements of life hidden from the ordinary eye. And another famous portrait of Zhukovsky, painted by Karl Bryullov, also conveys this character trait.
When two masters, two extremely talented people come together for one reason or another, this tandem can produce amazing results. The portrait of Zhukovsky performed by Kiprensky is the best confirmation of this. It was written in a fairly short time, before the artist left for sunny Italy. The painting was commissioned by Count Uvarov. Connoisseurs of painting know about one feature: it turns out that the famous portrait of Zhukovsky is not finished! At the request of the customer, Kiprensky did not finish the left hand of the poet - in order to preserve the effect of a creative impulse, inspiration. The romantic poet is depicted in an element close to himself and the artist, against the backdrop of a mysterious night landscape with a destroyed tower, the silhouette of which emerges from the darkness. Zhukovsky's hair flutters in the wind. The look of magnificent thoughtful eyes is directed forward and deepened into itself. The pose of an inspired dreamer trying to catch the mysterious "music of the spheres". It is felt that Kiprensky painted the portrait of Zhukovsky with pleasure, putting into work not only talent and skill, but also sincere sympathy for the model. And the poet himself was extremely pleased with the result.
Memories and I are the same…
Many painters were lucky enough to capture the image of Vasily Andreevich in different years of his life. However, contemporaries and critics recognized the image painted by Karl Bryullov as the most successful. The impulses of rebellious youth have passed, passions have subsided, the heart has softened, thoughts have grown wiser. Before us is a middle-aged man who has experienced a lot, understood, comprehended, felt. The years have left their imprint on him, especially if we compare this and the previous portrait of Zhukovsky. Kiprensky painted a young man, Bryullov - an almost elderly (by the standards of the 19th century) man. But in both images, in addition to external similarities, there are other common features. This is concentration, thoughtfulness, natural kindness, depth of nature. A table with books emphasizes the circle of interests of the poet, his rich spiritual life, intellectual work. The pose of the poet, sitting calmly in a comfortable, cozy armchair, leading a leisurely, measured lifestyle, is filled with appeasement.
Zhukovsky for Shevchenko
The poet liked Bryullov's painting so much that he dedicated a poem to his portrait. He played a special role in the fate of Taras Shevchenko. The portrait of Vasily Zhukovsky was played in a lottery between representatives of the royal family. The proceeds, as well as the reported personal money of Bryullov and Vasily Andreevich, went to ransom Shevchenko from serfdom.
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