2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
Literature connoisseurs express themselves ambiguously about the work of modern Russian writers: some seem uninteresting to them, others - rude or immoral. One way or another, in their books, the authors raise the actual problems of the new century, so young people love and read them with pleasure.
Directions, genres and contemporary writers
Russian writers of this century prefer to develop new literary forms, completely unlike Western ones. In the last few decades, their work has been represented by four directions: postmodernism, modernism, realism and post-realism. The prefix "post" speaks for itself - the reader should expect something new that followed to replace the old foundations. The table shows the various trends in the literature of this century, as well as the books of the most prominent representatives.
Genres, works and modern writers of the 21st century Russia
Sots Art: V. Pelevin - "Omon-Ra",M. Kononov - "Naked Pioneer";
Primitivism: O. Grigoriev - "Vitamin Growth";
Conceptualism: V. Nekrasov;
Post-postmodernism: O. Shishkin - "Anna Karenina 2"; E. Vodolazkin - "Laurel".
Neo-futurism: V. Sosnora - "Flute and Prosaisms", A. Voznesensky - "Russia is Risen";
Neo-primitivism: G. Sapgir - "New Lianozovo", V. Nikolaev - "The ABC of the Absurd";
Absurdism: L. Petrushevskaya - "Again 25", S. Shulyak - "Consequence".
Modern political novel: A. Zvyagintsev - "Natural selection", A. Volos - "Kamikaze";
Satirical prose: M. Zhvanetsky - "Test by money", E. Grishkovets;
Erotic prose: N. Klemantovich - "Road to Rome", E. Limonov - "Death in Venice";
Socio-psychological drama and comedy: L. Razumovskaya - "Passion at a Dacha near Moscow", L. Ulitskaya - "Russian Jam";
Metaphysical realism: E. Schwartz - "Last time inscription", A. Kim - "Onliria";
Metaphysical idealism: Y. Mamleev - "Eternal Russia", K. Kedrov - "Inside out".
Women's prose: L. Ulitskaya, T. Salomatina, D. Rubina;
New military prose: V. Makanin - "Asan", Z. Prilepin, R. Senchin;
Youth prose: S. Minaev, I. Ivanov - "The geographer drank the globe away";
Prose non-fiction: S. Shargunov.
New ideas by Sergey Minaev
"Duhless. A Tale of a Fake Man" is a book with an unusual concept that contemporary writers of the 21st century in Russia have not previously touched upon in their work. This is the debut novel by Sergei Minaev about the moral flaws of a society in which depravity and chaos reign. The author uses swearing and obscene language to convey the character of the protagonist, which does not bother readers at all. A top manager of a large canning company turns out to be a victim of swindlers: he is offered to invest a large amount in the construction of a casino, but is soon deceived and left with nothing.
"The Chicks. A Tale of Fake Love" tells how difficult it is to keep a human face in an immoral society. Andrei Mirkin is 27 years old, but he is not going to get married and instead starts an affair with two girls at the same time. Later, he learns that one is expecting a child from him, and the other turns out to be HIV-positive. Mirkin is a stranger to a quiet life, and he constantly seeks adventures in nightclubs and bars, which does not lead to good.
Popular Russian contemporary writers and critics do not favor Minaev in their circles: being semi-literate, he achieved success in the shortest possible time and made Russians admire his works. The author admits that his fans are mainly viewers of reality shows"Dom-2".
Chekhov's traditions in Ulitskaya's work
The heroes of the play "Russian Jam" live in an old dacha near Moscow, which is about to come to an end: the sewerage is out of order, the boards on the floor have rotted long ago, the electricity has not been connected. Their life is a real "nail", but the owners are proud of their inheritance and are not going to move to a more favorable place. They have a constant income from the sale of jam, which gets either mice or other muck. Modern writers of Russian literature often borrow ideas from their predecessors. So, Ulitskaya follows Chekhov's tricks in the play: the dialogue of the characters does not work out because of their desire to shout each other down, and against this background, the crack of a rotten floor or sounds from the sewer are heard. At the end of the drama, they are forced to leave the dacha as the land is bought for the construction of Disneyland.
Features of Viktor Pelevin's stories
Russian writers of the 21st century often turn to the traditions of their predecessors and use the technique of intertext. Names and details are deliberately introduced into the narrative, which echo the works of the classics. Intertextuality can be traced in Victor Pelevin's story "Nika". The reader feels the influence of Bunin and Nabokov from the very beginning, when the author uses the phrase "easy breathing" in the narrative. The narrator quotes Blok's "Stranger" and mentions Nabokov, who skillfully described the beauty of a girl'sbodies in Lolita. Pelevin borrows the manners of his predecessors, but opens up a new "trick of deceit". Only at the end you can guess that the flexible and graceful Nika is actually a cat. Pelevin brilliantly manages to deceive the reader in the story "Sigmund in a Cafe", where the main character turns out to be a parrot. The author drives us into a trap, but we get more pleasure from this.
Realism by Yuri Buida
Many modern writers of the 21st century in Russia were born decades after the end of the war, so their work is focused mainly on the younger generation. Yuri Buida was born in 1954 and grew up in the Kaliningrad region, a territory that previously belonged to Germany, which was reflected in the title of his series of stories.
"The Prussian Bride" - naturalistic sketches about the difficult post-war period. The young reader sees a reality that he had never heard of before. The story "Rita Schmidt Anyone" tells the story of an orphaned girl who is brought up in terrible conditions. The poor thing is told, "You are the daughter of the Antichrist. You must suffer. You must redeem." A terrible sentence has been handed down because German blood flows in Rita's veins, but she endures bullying and continues to remain strong.
Novels about Erast Fandorin
Boris Akunin writes books differently than other modern writers of the 21st century Russia. The author is interested in the culture of the two pastcenturies, so the action of the novels about Erast Fandorin takes place from the middle of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th. The protagonist is a noble aristocrat who investigates the most high-profile crimes. For valor and courage, he is awarded six orders, but he does not stay long in public office: after a conflict with the Moscow authorities, Fandorin prefers to work alone with his faithful valet, the Japanese Masa. Few contemporary foreign writers write in the detective genre; Russian writers, in particular Dontsova and Akunin, win the hearts of readers with crime stories, so their works will be relevant for a long time to come.
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