2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
3Times change, but people's values remain the same. Like hundreds of years ago, humanity is concerned about the questions of its purpose in the world, the meaning of life. Eternal themes - love, loneliness, happiness, friendship, longing, worries about the fate of the Motherland. And today, when we read poems written hundreds of years ago, they resonate in our hearts. We understand the feelings of long-dead poets with such different and often tragic fates. It is very difficult to determine which poets are the best. But there are a number of names known all over the world. Their poetry has been touching the hearts and souls of people for many years, which means that their work has no statute of limitations and is relevant at all times.
List of the best poets
Who is worth celebrating? Among the best poets:
- Omar Khayyam.
- Francesco Petrarca.
- Dante Alighieri.
- William Shakespeare.
- Alexander Pushkin.
- Mikhail Lermontov.
- Taras Shevchenko.
- George Gordon Byron.
- Charles Baudelaire.
- Heinrich Heine.
- Alexander Blok.
- Anna Akhmatova.
- Marina Tsvetaeva.
- Sergey Yesenin.
- Vladimir Mayakovsky.
Poets of the distant past
Persian poet Omar Khayyam (1048-1131) and after 9 centuries is familiar to the reading population of our planet. His quatrains - rubai - are a true storehouse of wisdom. The poet succinctly and without empty eloquence wrote on philosophical and everyday topics. Today Omar Khayyam is one of the most quoted poets.
Francesco Petrarca (1304-1374) is an Italian poet, familiar to modern people with sonnets in which he sings of his love for Laura - pure, ardent and disinterested. With his work, Petrarch had a great influence on subsequent generations of poets.
Italian poet Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) is best known for writing The Divine Comedy, an afterlife vision that Dante filled with allegories expressing his political views and personal preferences. In the "Divine Comedy", in the poem "New Life", the poet introduces a bright image of his muse Beatrice, with whom nothing ever connected him. Dante saw his muse only twice, but she made such a huge impression on one of the best poets in Italy that he carried his lofty feelings through his whole life, despite the girl's early death.
Disputes do not subside: did a certain William Shakespeare (1564-1616) really live in the world, or did one or several people work under this name. One thing is undeniable - the genius of Shakespeare's work. Shakespeare's sonnets, poems and plays are popular to this day. Hamlet's monologue, individual lines from Romeo and Juliet's monologues are familiar to almost everyone. This en titles Shakespearebe called one of the best poets of all time.
Pushkin and Lermontov
The 19th century gave the world a large number of outstanding talented people. One of the brightest of them is Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin (1799-1837) - the sun of Russian poetry. What was written by Russian poets before him is, for the most part, too ponderous. Of course, one should not forget about the wonderful poet Vasily Zhukovsky, but his work pales next to the poetry of a real genius. Pushkin's poems seemed too frivolous to his contemporaries. Time has put everything in its place. Pushkin's contemporaries, who were considered "serious" poets, are consigned to oblivion, and the light and elegant poetry of Alexander Sergeevich still arouses the invariable admiration of readers today. There is no doubt that it is Alexander Sergeevich who is the best Russian poet. His immortal works, such as "Eugene Onegin", poems "I remember a wonderful moment", "Winter morning", "Winter evening", "To the shores of the distant homeland …" and many others today still delight readers.
If the poetry of Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin is bright and optimistic, then the poetry of Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (1814-1841) is completely different. Disappointment, pessimism and fatigue are felt in the poems of the young aristocrat Lermontov. They do not have hope for a bright future, faith in people, in happy love, youthful delusions and enthusiasm. Nevertheless, Lermontov's poetry is so musical, there are no angularities and primitivism in it at all. This is especially evident in such poems,like "Cossack lullaby", "I go out alone on the road", "Angel", "I will not humble myself before you." The amazing melody and smoothness of versification testify to the undeniable genius of the poet. Perhaps, apart from Pushkin, there are no poets who could challenge Lermontov for the title of the best poet. The brilliant Lermontov's "Mtsyri" had a great influence on the worldview of both contemporaries and descendants.
The best Ukrainian poet
Like Pushkin in Russian poetry, Ukrainian poetry has its own luminary - Taras Grigoryevich Shevchenko (1814-1861), who is considered the best poet of Ukraine. A former serf, he wrote about the hard life of the Ukrainian peasantry, about the fate of ordinary Ukrainians. Shevchenko also glorified the glorious old times: the freedom-loving Cossacks, Ukraine, which was still independent of Russian domination. The poetry of Taras Shevchenko "flows"; there is no sharpness or sharpness in it. It is closely connected with Ukrainian folklore.
Foreign poets of the 19th century
George Gordon Byron (1788-1824) - one of the best classical poets - captivated European readers with the poetry of "gloomy selfishness". The lyrical hero he created is disappointed in life, he is lonely and despises secular society, to whom he takes revenge for his rejection. Byron's hero's past is mysterious. Byron's work influenced the formation of the creative personality of Mikhail Lermontov.
Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867) - a wonderful French poet who set the tone for the Frenchpoetry of the 19th century. His poetry collection "Flowers of Evil" made a splash at the time. True, for some works of a particularly frank nature, the author was fined for moral reasons. The main themes of the poems are boredom, despondency and apathy.
Heinrich Heine (1797-1856) was a German romantic poet. One of the best poets, he was appreciated by his contemporaries. Such great composers as Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann, Edvard Grieg, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Richard Wagner and many others wrote music on his poems. Heine has succeeded in bringing lightness and elegance to the ponderous and rough German language.
Elegant and aristocratic Alexander Blok (1880-1921) is a symbolist poet whose poems are shrouded in mystery. His Fair Lady is no longer a woman of flesh and blood, but a flawless ghost, the embodiment of beauty and nobility. The poem "The Stranger" is one of Blok's best poems. On his example, one can trace the poet's symbolic ideals.
I taught women to talk…
Anna Akhmatova (1889-1966) - perhaps the first significant Russian poetess. Before her, Zinaida Gippius was a worthy representative of women's poetry, but, of course, Akhmatova's work is a step higher. The poetry of Anna Akhmatova is very multifaceted. It is distinguished by penetration, lyricism, emotionality, fidelity to classical traditions. Akhmatova was the first to clothe women's joys and sorrows in poetic lines. Literature that abounds in men'sspiritual experiences, enriched by a female voice. “Requiem”, “She squeezed her hands under a dark veil…”, “The evening light is wide and yellow…” are some of the most famous works by Akhmatova.
Singer of the young Soviet state
The work of Vladimir Mayakovsky (1893-1930) may or may not be liked, but it is impossible not to recognize the scale of his personality, his talent. The singer of the young Soviet state, a futurist poet, keeping up with the times, created unique poems, the style and language of which is original and recognizable. Today, Mayakovsky's lyrical works dedicated to the women he was in love with are better known.
The most charming poet
Sergey Yesenin (1895-1925) is a brilliant Russian poet, whose poetry can be put on a par with the poetry of Pushkin and Lermontov. Freshness, lightness, an ardent interest in life distinguish Yesenin's poems. Truly Russian poet! He describes the beauty of Russian nature with love and tenderness (“The golden grove dissuaded …”, “You are my fallen maple …”, “White birch” and many others). A favorite of women, Yesenin sang them in his poems, immortalizing their images. He is one of the best poets who has written so many wonderful love poems that readers know and love, a century after they were written.
The poetry of Marina Tsvetaeva (1892-1941) cannot be called feminine. The poems of the poetess are distinguished by a “masculine” style without excessive sentimentality and pompous words. Tsvetaeva's style is not characteristicintimacy and penetration. Her poetry is often torn, it pulsates, filling every punctuation mark, every word with meaning. Tsvetaeva is an incredibly gifted person, whose poetry is much more valuable than the poetry of Bunin, Nabokov, Sologub and many other poets of the 20th century, who received recognition from their contemporaries.
Eduard Asadov (1923-2004) is a wonderful poet whose poems are filled with deep meaning. None of his poems contain empty phrases or meaningless lyrical digressions. Most of Asadov's poetic works are interesting instructive stories that often happen in the life of every ordinary person. The themes of his poems are love and hate, good and evil, decency and meanness, loy alty and treason, friendship and enmity. The poet gives readers wise advice, following which you can change for the better not only your life, but also the lives of those around you.
The work of Bella Akhmadulina (1937-2010) can be put on a par with the work of Akhmatova and Tsvetaeva. At one time, the poetess was considered outdated. Her poems are characterized by a special sophistication that distinguishes Akhmadulina's works from many of her contemporary poets.
Yevgeny Yevtushenko - poet of the sixties (1932-2017). In the 1950s-1980s, thousands of people gathered for his performances, the poet's popularity was enormous. Then he became an influential figure in the literary world of the USSR, and after - in Russia, he was a mentor to young gifted writers. Today, Yevtushenko is considered one of the best contemporary poets.
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