2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
During his short life, Mikhail Lermontov wrote a huge number of brilliant works that amaze with the beauty of the style and the depth of meaning. The poet has always admired two things: the beauty of nature and the simplicity and sincerity of the Russian people. Therefore, it is not at all surprising that the story of an ordinary soldier formed the basis of the poem "Borodino". Lermontov wrote this amazing work in 1837 on the 25th anniversary of the Patriotic War with the French. In the poem, one can simultaneously hear pride for the brave and fearless heroes who participated in bloody battles, and at the same time one can see a slight longing for the irretrievably gone days, sadness that now there are no such brave warriors.
Lermontov's poem "Borodino" was written on behalf of a simple soldier, a participant in the battle. This fact emphasizes the poet's assertion that the history of the country is created by the people. Despite the fact that the story is led by an ordinary warrior, he does not cover a piece of events, describing only his battery and commander, but masterfully depicts the entire battle. The feat of the people is united into a coherent picture, and not disintegrated into small incidents that occurred during the war.
The poem "Borodino" Lermontov made an autobiography of the Russian people. The purpose of the author was to show how much self-consciousness of people has increased, what kind of fighting spirit they have and the desire to defend their homeland at any cost, without losing even a piece of land to the enemy. Mikhail Yuryevich completely managed to reincarnate as a battery man and look at the events that took place during the Battle of Borodino through his eyes. The narrator sometimes speaks in his own name, using the pronoun "I", then switches to "we", thereby uniting the entire army. At the same time, there is no tension, the soldier does not dissolve in the crowd, but the unity of the people is felt. Fighters fight not only to save their own lives, but also to protect their comrades.
Lermontov wrote the poem "Borodino" to forever glorify the feat of heroes. The work shows disdain for conquerors who are not accustomed to obstacles and difficulties. The French managed to capture Moscow, and they are already rejoicing, but the Russians do not give up so easily, they are quietly and confidently preparing for a new battle, where they will avenge the death of their friends without sparing themselves. The author set himself the goal of showing the psychology of a soldier participating in the liberation war, and he did it perfectly.
In the poem "Borodino" Lermontov compared the Napoleonic soldiers with the Russians. The former are accustomed to quickly seizing someone else's property, while the latter are ready to fight to the death, because they have nothing more to lose. Once Leo Tolstoy admitted that this work is the basis of "War and Peace", in ideological terms, this is pure truth. Mikhail Yurievich characterizes this war as just,liberating, national, repeatedly emphasizing this with the words "motherland" and "Russian". The battle was won, so the soldiers near Moscow did not die in vain - that's what Lermontov wanted to say.
"Borodino", the text of which is very easy to read, is a significant poem not only in the work of Mikhail Yuryevich, but also in Russian literature as a whole. Its influence on social thought is almost impossible to overestimate.
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