2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
Mark Samoilovich Lisyansky (1913-1993) - Russian Soviet poet and songwriter. One of the most prominent and revered poets of the Soviet era. In the article we will briefly dwell on the biography of Lisyansky, talk about his main works. In addition, both versions of the appearance of the famous song about Moscow will be considered.
The start of the journey
The future poet was born on January 13, 1913 (December 31, 1912 according to the old style) in the city of Odessa. His father was a simple port loader. Mark received his education in Nikolaev in one of the FZU - a seven-year factory apprenticeship school. The boy's first poem was published in 1924 on the pages of the Krasny Nikolaev newspaper. It was dedicated to V. I. Lenin.
Young Mark Lisyansky began his career in the same city, at a local shipbuilding plant, mastering the speci alties of a tinsmith and ship marker. But in the early 30s, his fate changed dramatically - Lisyansky became a student at the Moscow Institute of Journalism. After graduating from it, he began to work in the Kyiv, and then in the IvanovoNewspaper editorial offices.
Further, fate connected the young man with Yaroslavl - the military service for which he was called up, Lisyansky passed in this city, and remained there after demobilization. He worked as a correspondent for a local youth newspaper, from time to time published poems on the pages of local publications, joined the VKPb.
The first collection of Mark Lisyansky - "The Shore" - was released in a small circulation for those times and was published in 1940. He did not go unnoticed - Yaroslav Smelyakov responded with a commendable review of his release in Literaturnaya Gazeta.
During the war
Mark Lisyansky could have stayed in the rear - in 1941 he was entrusted with the affairs of the regional branch of the Union of Writers of the USSR, but the young man signed up as a volunteer. He commanded a detachment of sappers, but in 1941 he came under bombardment in the Smolensk region, was shell-shocked, broke his leg and then was treated in the Yaroslavl hospital. By the time Lisyansky was discharged, the army was already fighting on the outskirts of Moscow. It was one of the most difficult and tragic periods in the Great Patriotic War.
Returning to his division, passing through the frontline city, which was not so long ago a smart capital, the young poet wrote the famous poem "My Moscow".
Due to severe lameness, Lisyansky could no longer fight, so he was appointed correspondent to the editorial office of the divisional newspaper. So the poet continued his service as a special correspondent for this and a number of other publications. Together with the 43rd Army, Mark Lisyansky and his wife, who worked as a radio operator and proofreader,were in East Prussia and Pomerania, and worked in Poland.
Mark Lisyansky is a holder of the Orders of the Red Star, the Order of the Patriotic War and several medals.
After the victory, when the couple moved to live in Moscow, poetry collections by Mark Lisyansky began to appear: "My Golden Moscow", "Beyond the spring, spring", "Beyond the mountains, beyond the forests".
The poet lived and worked in Moscow, was familiar with many writers and writers, his contemporaries - Mikhail Svetlov, Lev Oshanin, Tamara Zhirmunskaya, Evgeny Dolmatovsky and others. He collaborated a lot and actively with famous Soviet composers - in those years the song Vladimir Troshin, Muslim Magomaev, Eduard Khil, Yuri Bogatikov and others performed on the verses of Mark Lisyansky from the Soviet stage.
As a sign of gratitude for the long and fruitful creative work, the poet was awarded government awards.
Mark Samoilovich Lisyansky died in 1993. His grave is located at the Vagankovsky cemetery.
My golden Moscow
Mark Lisyansky immortalized his name in history as the author of the words of the "Anthem of Moscow". True, the song was approved as the official anthem only in 1995, but in Soviet times it remained one of the most popular and often performed both from the stage and among the people. Here, for sure, is the well-known initial fragment of her text:
I've traveled the world a lot, He lived in a dugout, in the trenches, in the taiga, Buried twicealive, Knew separation, loved in anguish.
But I used to be proud of Moscow
And everywhere I repeated the words:
My dear capital, My Golden Moscow!
This song has been repeatedly performed by such outstanding pop artists as Zoya Rozhdestvenskaya, Mark Bernes, Lev Leshchenko, Iosif Kobzon, Lyudmila Zykina and many other performers, including choirs and ensembles.
In brief, the history of its creation is as follows. Written by Lisyansky in 1941, the poem about Moscow was published only in 1942 by the Novy Mir magazine. This happened due to the evacuation of the editorial office in Kuibyshev.
Returning to the division, Lisyansky offered the text to enthusiasts of local amateur performances. They quickly made a song out of it, putting the verses on a simple, uncomplicated melody. But in 1942, Isaak Dunayevsky himself, having read the poem in the "New World", was inspired and wrote music (moreover, the notes were written down by him directly on the sheets of the magazine). Since he could not contact Lisyansky, he asked sound engineer Sergei Agranyan to edit the text. He added a few additional stanzas - and the song was ready. It was partly devoted to military everyday life, so its text was added and edited several times in peacetime.
For the first time, the song was performed by the singer Marina Babialo with an ensemble conducted by Dunayevsky - the premiere took place at the Central House of Culture of Railway Workers. Then, performed by the same musical group, the song triumphantly sounded on one of the governmentconcerts, Stalin liked it, and soon a gramophone record was released. Previously, the Radio Committee asked again to make changes to the text, so the words about Stalin appeared in it:
Over Moscow in a blaze of glory
The sun of our victory will rise.
Hello Great Power city, Where our beloved Stalin lives…
According to another version…
There was information that the initial version of the poem "I traveled around the world a lot …" was written by Sergei Agranyan. He showed it to the poet Mark Lisyansky, who was then passing through Moscow. Tom allegedly liked it and, having edited it, immediately gave it to Dunayevsky so that he would write music.
Disputes about authorship were still going on for quite a long time, until finally at the meeting of the Bureau of the Moscow branch of the Writers' Union in 1965 a resolution on co-authorship was passed. That is, according to the official version, the authors of the text of the song are two - Mark Lisyansky and Sergey Agranyan. Apparently, this was that rare case in poetry when the authors worked on one poem without informing each other.
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