2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
Theater is a special kind of art, which can be safely called collective. In fact, he is not limited to the stage and actors. After all, the backstage always hides a lot of people of various professions. So, in the topic of today's publication, we will talk about theatrical artist Vladimir Dmitriev.
Extremely gifted young painter Dmitriev showed himself as a theater artist more fully and brighter over the years. An important role in its formation was played by close communication with people of the same interests. The formation of Vladimir as an artist was greatly influenced by the outstanding master of his craft, the talented painter K. S. Petrov-Vodkin.
Dmitriev Vladimir Vladimirovich was born in 1900 on July 31 (August 13) in Moscow. From 1916 to 1917 he studied with K. S. Petrov-Vodkin in Petrograd at the art school of E. N. Zvantseva. The learning process was a collective search for "organic" art, which was placed above personal success. HugeVladimir Vladimirovich Dmitriev's work was influenced by his joint work with the director V. E. Meyerhold. It was with him that he studied at the experimental theater studio in St. Petersburg, and after that, during 1918, he took a course in stage productions. Moreover, I would like to note that Dmitriev was an ardent admirer of the director.
Theatrical artist is a screenwriter who draws up the performance completely. This profession is very versatile. The screenwriter is both a decorator and an artist. So, the first success in the biography of Vladimir Dmitriev as a young artist was noted after the play "Dawns", staged by director V. E. Meyerhold based on the play by Emil Verhaarn. The bright painting and the sharpness of the stage solutions made people talk about the young talent.
The performance was turned into a rally, the actors added the news of the past day to the text. In the 1920s, the avant-gardists planned to change the theater, starting with the methods of staging. They favored bare facts. Of course, the productions of that time were ideological in nature. And against the backdrop of the events of those years, Vladimir Vladimirovich Dmitriev managed to accurately transfer the mood of life of that period in the scenery of the performance. So, for example, the stage was turned into a political podium.
Dmitriev was married twice. His first wife suffered a difficult fate: in 1938 she was shot as an "enemy of the people" under Article 58. This young beautifulthe woman was only 34 years old. Elizaveta Isaevna Dolukhanova, or as her friends and relatives called her - Veta, was born on December 21, 1904 in Tiflis, moved to Petrograd and entered the State Institute of Art History to study. In 1929, Elizabeth marries Dmitriev, in 1933 the couple had a daughter, Tatyana, whose fate remained unknown. Dolukhanova was summoned several times to the NKVD and offered to cooperate with her. The woman refused, for which she was arrested in 1938, and shot four months later.
Elizaveta Isaevna Dolukhanova was rehabilitated in 1989. She was a talented art critic and widely known in the literary environment. To this day, her photographs have been preserved. Vladimir Dmitriev married for the second time, the actress M. V. Pastukhova became his wife. A daughter was born in this marriage. Anna Dmitrieva became the 18-time champion of the USSR in tennis. After completing her sports career, she becomes a journalist and sportscaster.
In the future, the artist's relationship with the theater did not always develop properly. In those distant and difficult times, Dmitriev was distinguished by his courageous views, and for this reason some of his ideas were rejected. This happened with the beautiful sketches for the play "Dead Souls" in 1930-1931. The same fate befell the sketches written by the artist for the play "Dowry". But already at the age of 30, the play "Sunday" based on the novel by L. N. Tolstoy in the scenery of Dmitriev was held with great success.
Followed by a series of successful scenarios for the performances of "AnnaKarenin" by L. N. Tolstoy, "Three Sisters" by A. P. Chekhov, "Enemies" by M. Gorky. The talented artist used in his works the methods of images that were close to realistic. Dmitriev always managed to offer solutions that would be distinguished by strong figurative expressiveness. Work at the Moscow Art Theater became so successful that officially in 1941 Dmitriev became the chief artist of the theater.
Perhaps the creative path of a wonderful and talented theater artist of his time would have served the art for a long time and faithfully, if the disease had not broken him. The master died at a young age due to a serious illness. At that time, he was already 48 years old. But those works that he carried out at the age of 40 spoke of his undeniable talent as a theater artist. These are the scenery for the play "The Last Victim" based on the play by A. N. Ostrovsky, "The Great Sovereign" by V. S. Solovyov and "War and Peace" by L. N. Tolstoy.
Dmitriev Vladimir Vladimirovich winner of four Stalin Prizes. In 1946 he received the award twice. In 1948 he also became a laureate and after his death in 1949 was awarded posthumously for the fourth time. In 1946, he received the Stalin Prize of the first degree for the design of the play "The Last Victim", based on the play by A. N. Ostrovsky. In the same year, he received a second similar award of the first degree for decorating the opera performance The Maid of Orleans by P. I. Tchaikovsky. In 1948 he was awarded the third Stalin Prize of the first degree for staging the script "Enemy Force" by A. N. Serov. Andin 1949 (May 6, 1948) another award of the second degree is awarded for decorating the opera performance "The Bartered Bride" after the death of the artist.
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