Tsarskoye Selo statue. "Dreamers everywhere and everywhere darkness"

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Tsarskoye Selo statue. "Dreamers everywhere and everywhere darkness"
Tsarskoye Selo statue. "Dreamers everywhere and everywhere darkness"

Video: Tsarskoye Selo statue. "Dreamers everywhere and everywhere darkness"

Video: Tsarskoye Selo statue. "Dreamers everywhere and everywhere darkness"
Video: Александр I Благословенный (1777-1825) | Курс Владимира Мединского | XIX век 2023, September
Anonim

The inspiration of the great master of the past, multiplied by his own talent and continued by a brilliant descendant. Romance-miniature "Statue of Tsarskoye Selo" by Cui Caesar Antonovich, the performance of which lasts only one minute, can be called the creation of three muses of the arts, the general result of the creative union of poets, sculptor and composer.

Caesar Cui
Caesar Cui

Fabler

Jean de La Fontaine is known to the modern reader primarily as a fabulist. In the period from 1678 to 1694, six books of the Fables cycle were published. Using the literary heritage of his predecessors - Aesop, Bidpay, Maro and others, Lafontaine tells his own story every time. Traditional plots are filled with relevant everyday content, they sound original living language. "The Milkmaid or the Jug of Milk" is a genre sketch about dreamers and dreamers whose castles in the air are broken by ruthless reality as easily as an earthenware jug that has fallen on roadside stones.

Us a sweet deceptionraises to heaven…

…As long as life is a ruthless hand

Will not wake me up…

F. de Lafontaine

And now the frivolous Peretta bent over the shards in a milk puddle in despair.

Jean de La Fontaine
Jean de La Fontaine

Sculptor

The image of the dreamer Peretta unexpectedly continued in the most romantic and mysterious statue in Tsarskoye Selo. The sculptor Pavel Petrovich Sokolov, a follower of the school of Russian classicism, remembered her while working on the design of the Catherine Park in Tsarskoye Selo. This is exactly what the official story of the creation of the sculpture sounds like. The requirements of classicism can explain the antique costume and hairstyle of the French milkmaid.

The amazing portrait resemblance of a girl with a jug and Elizaveta Alekseevna, wife of Emperor Alexander I, went unnoticed by contemporaries. Or they were told not to notice. The imperial family was going through a difficult period. Many sympathized with the Empress and, perhaps, P. P. Sokolov was among them.

In June 1816, the bronze figure "The Milkmaid" adorned the fountain, built by engineer A. Betancourt. A plastic image, the softness of the curves of a girl's body, the imperceptibly flowing fabric of clothing. For more than two hundred years, a beautiful girl has been sad, bending over the broken jug of her hopes.

Poet

Nizhny Novgorod province, the village of Boldino. For ninety days spent here in the ring of cholera quarantine, Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin gave humanity a unique literary heritage.

Inspired by the newly published "Iliad" in translationGnedich Pushkin turns to ancient poetry. Five anthological miniatures, including the "Tsarskoye Selo Statue", become an example of ideal stylization. The reproduced style, with all its obligatory features, appears framed by the author's own, unique style.

The graceful conciseness of the verse, sublimity, grace of form recreated the spirit of ancient lyric poetry. Pushkin's quatrain is imbued with youthful dreams, beautiful images, the memory of the time spent in Tsarskoye Selo. The classical form of the work is surprisingly consonant with the forms of the sculpture created in the Empire style. Sadness, frozen in bronze, froze in four lines. A poetic moment of sadness reflected in eternity.

Dropping the urn with water, the maiden broke it on the cliff.

The maiden sits sadly, idle holding a shard.

Miracle! Water will not run dry, pouring out of a broken urn;

Virgo, above the eternal stream, sits forever sad.

A. S. Pushkin

Tsarskoye Selo statue
Tsarskoye Selo statue

Composer

General, engineer, composer, music critic. Few people manage to achieve significant success, become a professional and an expert in such different fields of activity. Maybe it's all about the name? His parents named him Caesar.

Caesar Antonovich Cui. Graduate, and then teacher of the Nikolaev Engineering Academy. More than one generation of Russian artillery officers studied according to his fortification textbooks.

The boy's musical talent was noticed in childhood, and home music educationwas replaced by classes with the famous Polish composer Stanislav Moniuszko. From the age of fourteen, young Caesar began to compose music. The creative heritage of the composer consists of: fourteen operas, including children's, choral, orchestral works. The greatest recognition of the composer brought vocal forms. Written about two hundred and fifty romances.

More than seven hundred articles - the result of the work of music critic Caesar Cui. Most of them have been translated and published abroad.

The activities and interests of Ts. A. Kui were never divided into periods and stages. All at once, with maximum impact, with total immersion.

Image
Image

Romance

From the first notes, Cui's "Tsarskoye Selo Statue" takes listeners into the contemplative world of romanticism. The flexible and expressive cantilena perfectly conveys the rhythm of the verse. The continuously flowing, transparent piano part creates a state of enlightened peace, bright sadness from the contemplation of a beautiful image, the common creation of the genius of the poet and the talent of the sculptor. The fifth tone of the vocal part holds our attention for several bars.

kui tsarskoye selskaya statue notes
kui tsarskoye selskaya statue notes

Undoubtedly, this is the best work of Ts. A. Cui's Pushkin cycle. Cui's chamber-vocal lyrics are being studied and revived. His romantic miniatures are present in the repertoire of contemporary performers. The notes of the "Tsarskoye Selo Statue" can still be found in the training folders of vocalists.

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