Yesenin's friends. Interesting facts from the life of the poet
Yesenin's friends. Interesting facts from the life of the poet

Video: Yesenin's friends. Interesting facts from the life of the poet

Video: Yesenin's friends. Interesting facts from the life of the poet
Video: The Life and Work of Sergei Esenin 2023, September

Sergey Alexandrovich Yesenin, a poet from the Ryazan province, played a significant role in Russian literature. Who were Yesenin's close friends? Who helped him pave the way for literature? With whom did the poet stop communicating, and who was with him to the grave? Who was a friend of Yesenin, and who was there because of the benefits? Consider the relationship of the famous poet with other equally famous personalities. Indeed, among the friends of Sergei Yesenin there were many famous writers, poets and other creative people.

Yesenin on the beach
Yesenin on the beach

This is not a complete list of Yesenin's friends, but at different times these people were very close to the poet, helped him to become what he was, to reveal his creative potential.

  1. Grigory Panfilov.
  2. Alexander Blok.
  3. Sergey Gorodetsky.
  4. Nikolai Klyuev.
  5. Vsevolod Ivanov.
  6. Anatoly Mariengof.
  7. Sergey Konenkov.
  8. Vsevolod Meyerhold.
  9. Andrey Bely.
Yesenin - poet
Yesenin - poet

Friendship of Sergei Yesenin and Grigory Panfilov

Perhaps, Grigory Panfilov can be called Yesenin's first best friend. Young people studied togetherseminary in Spas-Klepiki. Despite the fact that Panfilov was older than Yesenin, the young people quickly found a common language. It was Grigory that Sergey showed his first poems and listened to all the advice of his friend. Panfilov died early from tuberculosis. Yesenin missed him very much.

Sergey Yesenin's acquaintance with Alexander Blok

The then little-known nineteen-year-old boy Sergei Yesenin handed Alexander Blok a plain note asking for a meeting, to which he agreed. This was a decisive event in the life of a young talent. Blok could not remain indifferent to the work of the poet, his thoughts. Alexander personally selected several of Yesenin's poems and sent a letter of recommendation to Sergei Gorodetsky.

A. Blok
A. Blok

Friendship with Sergei Gorodetsky

Yesenin's poetry attracted Gorodetsky because it expressed the latter's poetic ideals. Gorodetsky helped Yesenin a lot: he sent letters of recommendation to familiar magazines, invited him to literary evenings, and even settled him for a while. The discord between the poets occurred when Gorodetsky left the Strada society due to a quarrel with Yasinsky, and Yesenin, who was already under the influence of Nikolai Klyuev, along with the latter sided with Yasinsky. For Sergei Gorodetsky, this was akin to betrayal. However, in 1921 all grievances were forgotten and the poets became close again.

The "teacher" of the poet - Nikolai Klyuev

Klyuev, being the same peasant poet, quickly found a common language with Yesenin and took over the ideological and artistic leadership andpatronage over Sergei. In those days, Sergei and Nikolai practically did not part: Klyuev settled Yesenin in his St. Petersburg house on the embankment. The question of friendship between men is ambiguous. Klyuev sought to disunite Yesenin with Gorodetsky and many other writers, emphasizing that they, peasant poets, had little in common with the lyric poets of the capital. However, Yesenin himself called Klyuev his teacher.

Friendship of Sergei Yesenin and Vsevolod Ivanov

Vsevolod Ivanov was also a creative person - a writer. Having met in the twenties, the men liked to drink in companies. Of all Yesenin's friends, Ivanov was one of the few with whom the poet kept in touch until his death.

Sergey Yesenin and Pyotr Chagin

Chagin met Yesenin in 1924 at a reception with the artist Kachalov. After a noisy party, it turned out that the men mixed up the galoshes. Such a curiosity marked the beginning of a close friendship. Peter, the second secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan and the editor-in-chief of the local newspaper, invited Sergei to visit him in Baku. The reception was cordial: the Chagin family fell in love with the poet and treated him as if they were their own.

The arrival of the poet fell on the sixth anniversary of the death of 26 commissars. Having asked Chagin for the case materials, Yesenin wrote "The Ballad of 26" in one night. Inspired by the Caucasus, the poet wrote a lot, indulging in dreams of oriental poetry and Persia, which he was not allowed to enter for security reasons. In the summer of 1925, the Chagin family was already visiting Yesenin in Moscow. Yesenin's second visit to Chagin was marked by the poet's wedding. Together withWith his newly-married wife Sofia Andreevna Tolstaya, Yesenin spent a wonderful honeymoon visiting Peter's family.

Friendship of Sergei Yesenin and Anatoly Mariengof

Another interesting personality among Yesenin's friends was Anatoly Mariengof. The poets became close in 1918, then they even lived together, shared the budget. Friends-poets, together with Ivnev and Shershenevich, as well as Gruzinov, Kusikov, Erdman and Roizman, who soon joined them, together formed the stronghold of a new direction in Soviet literature - Imagism, in which the artistic image was the end in itself of creativity.

At that time, Yesenin and Mariengof owned a cafe, a publishing house and a bookstore. Going abroad, Sergei left all the affairs to Anatoly. In 1923, it turned out that things were not going well. Sergei called Anatoly to a conversation, but there was a discord between friends, and numerous attempts at reconciliation could not save the relationship. In the created tandem, people saw the superiority of Yesenin's talents over Mariengof, which greatly hurt the latter. After the death of Yesenin, Mariengof wrote "A Novel Without Lies", which tells the story of friendship with Yesenin. Critics greeted the book with indignation, calling it "jam without romance": Anatoly spoke very unflatteringly about Sergey.

Marienhof A
Marienhof A

Sergey Konenkov and Yesenin

The poet came to the studio of the sculptor Konenkov accompanied by the writer Klychkov. Acquaintance with the sculptor in 1915 turned into friendship, after the return of Yesenin to the capital in 1918, the men became even closer. Konenkov liked to listen to howYesenin reads poetry, and the poet liked Konenkov's sculptures and the performance of folk songs on the accordion and harp. At the end of 1918, friends, with the support of other masters of the pen, tried to create a peasant circle.

In the same year, the sculptor makes a memorial to the fallen fighters of the revolution and asks Klychkov and Yesenin to create a poem for the opening of the memorial. The poets agreed to the proposal, thus the "Cantata" appeared.

In 1923 the sculptor moved to the USA, and the friends never saw each other again. The death of the poet simply stunned Konenkov. Like many of Yesenin's friends, Konenkov admitted that the poet's last works were filled with drama and foreshadowed an approaching tragedy.

Konenkov Sergey
Konenkov Sergey

Friendship of Sergei Yesenin and Vsevolod Meyerhold

Vsevolod Meyerhold was the director of the theatre. When he had the idea to create a tragedy, he entrusted the plot to Yesenin, who took it up with pleasure. This was the beginning of the friendship between the poet and Meyerhold. Knowing that Vsevolod was in love with Zinaida Reich, Sergei gave in to her friend without regret.

Later, together with his new wife Zinaida, Vsevolod Meyerhold took part in a civil memorial service for the poet. In the photo, Yesenin's friends - Vsevolod and Zinaida.

Reich and Meyerhold
Reich and Meyerhold

Sergey Yesenin and Andrey Bely

The two poets met in 1917 in Tsarskoye Selo. Yesenin always noticed that Andrei had an extraordinary influence on him not only with his works, but also with his conversations. Bely, in turn, highly valued Yesenin's work. In 1918year the poets organize a publishing house. Proof of close friendship is the fact that Andrey Bely became the godfather of Sergei Yesenin's son.

The poet wrote: "Bely gave me a lot in terms of form, and Blok and Klyuev taught me lyricism."

Despite the large number of Yesenin's friends, who later, after rereading the last dramatic works of the poet, expressed the opinion that Sergei was in a difficult life situation, it was not possible to prevent the tragedy.