All shades of blue: palette and combinations

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All shades of blue: palette and combinations
All shades of blue: palette and combinations

Video: All shades of blue: palette and combinations

Video: All shades of blue: palette and combinations
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Many people know that color is a subjective characteristic of the electromagnetic radiation of the optical sphere, which is determined on the basis of the emerging visual physiological sensation. It depends on a number of psychological, carnal and physical factors. The perception of color is determined by the identity of a person, as well as the spectral composition, brightness and color polarity with non-luminous objects surrounding light sources. Phenomena such as metametry, hereditary personal qualities of human vision (the degree of expression of visual polymorphic pigments) and the psyche are very important.

Simply put, color is the impression that a person receives when light rays enter his eyes. The same influences of these radiations can evoke different feelings in different people. In fact, every observer sees his true color.

One of the basic colors

Blue is the name of a group of tones. People feel the blue spectral color under the influence of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the range of 440-485 nm. This is one of the basic elements in the GLC system.

Among the shades of blue, especiallythere are three varieties: azure, cyan (blue-green) and ultramarine.

Blue color

Let's explore all shades of blue. What is blue? This is either a group of blue elements with a slight shift towards green, such that there is still no feeling of a green tint, or the usual light colors of the blue zone tones. Spectral blue is roughly in harmony with hue 130 in the Windows color mode (OOBFFF16).

shades of blue
shades of blue

Very often it is defined as a faint blue or bluish. In this version, blue is usually called objects that stand out among the rest with a faint blue tint. In particular, veins and blood vessels are considered blue: when we see them under the skin, we perceive the color subjectively as exuding a blue tone.


Blue does not belong to the basic and intermediate colors. It is not included in the paints of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd rank (system (color circle) red-blue-green, red-yellow-blue system).

In the red-green-blue mode, this color scheme belongs to the 4th rank (between cyan (green-blue) and blue-green-blue). It can be described as green-blue-green-blue.

Some prospectors believe that the Russian word "blue" comes from the name of the bird "dove". Others say that the birds were called "pigeons" because of their color. Some argue that the word "blue" is akin to the word "deep", as transparent deep water bodies have a bluish tint, and clean air creates blue skies.

all shades of blue
all shades of blue

Whenwhen a clear impression of a green tint occurs, the blue turns into cyan, and then into turquoise. The English word Blue means "blue", but is usually translated as "light blue". This color scheme is approximately the same as Windows color mode 140 (140-240-120, 0080FF16).

Natural pigments and dyes

Shades of blue exist in nature. So, turquoise has bluish-greenish tones - depending on the deposit. Lapis lazuli was very expensive in ancient times, as it was one of the scarce blue pigments.

gray blue tint
gray blue tint

Physics of vision

The sky looks blue. In fact, it emits all visible colors, but the degree of dispersion is inversely proportional to the wavelength to the 4th power. In fact, in this case, the visible range is maximum for blue, violet and blue rays. To human eyes, this mixture appears blue.


Cyan is one of the main four colors in the CMYK system. It is sometimes called cyan, although in reality this typified color should be called blue-green. Combined with red in Anaglyph glasses, it reproduces a three-dimensional image.

shades of blue
shades of blue


A color palette is a fixed set of colors and tones that have a physical implementation in one way or another. Shades of blue exist in the following types:

  • bright blue - bristol blue;
  • turquoise;
  • cornflower blue;
  • blue dark - beaded - gray-blue shade or gray;
  • azure (azure);
  • pale blue with a lilac note - pervanche;
  • lapis lazurik - an unusual type of blue chintz;
  • sky blue (heavenly);
  • cornflower blue - blue, silk;
  • schm alt (from the name of the paint, which was prepared from blue crushed glass (sm alt));
  • ultramarine (a blue dye obtained from the fossil lapis lazuli).


Shades of blue are calming, promote mental and physical relaxation, create an atmosphere of trust and security. This color is a sign of creativity, it is recommended for classrooms and classrooms. Observing the blue color, people strive for peace, fidelity, thoughtful reasoning, harmony with society and themselves. Blue is considered a "masculine" color. It pairs with feminine pink.

light shades of light blue
light shades of light blue

Ethnography and culture

Shades of blue are reflected in the cartoon "Blue Puppy". There are also historical, cultural and literary associations with this color scheme in Orthodox traditions. So, blue is considered the color of the Mother of God, “The Zealous Intercessor.”

In general, all shades of blue embody a dream and ideality. From here came the concepts of “blue dream” (elusive and beautiful), “blue thief” (“The Twelve Chairs” by Ilf and Petrov), tormented by remorse after thefts, Malvina’s blue hair and so on. In fact, items of this color are characterized as "too perfect".

The expression "on a silver platter" (submit)means giving someone what they want without meager labor on their part. It is also known that the topaz stone is considered the physical realization of this color scheme. There is also a Russian Blue cat breed.

Warm and cold colors

Blue pure color is classified as cold tones. But if you add a little yellow to it, it acquires a radiant soft feature. Warm shades of blue - heavenly and all its gradations.

Cold tones are cornflower blue, azure, aquamarine, protective blue and others.

Blue wedding

A wedding in blue is a celebration of tenderness, very sophisticated and restrained. Such a wedding is usually organized by shy romantics. Blue literally represents peace, nobility and purity. Outwardly, he seems aloof and cold, but amazing versatility and unknown strength lurk in him. This is an incredibly deep color.

It can be safely compared with a chameleon, because it skillfully adapts to the surrounding colors. It is like a blank sheet on which everyone can create their own description of colors, amazing and bewitching.

There are many shades of blue in the world. For example, the palette of the Panton Institute contains 119 of them. But basically these are intermediate elements, the difference between which the townsfolk can hardly catch. For a blue wedding, warm colors are usually used: blue No. 1, baby blue, aqua, turquoise, cyan, aqua, Bondi beach water, coniferous green, aquamarine, azure gray, viridian.


What good are light shades?Light blue was present in the interiors of the Empire era. It was in those days that the walls in urban areas were decorated with paint of this color. The owners painted the doors and floor in dark colors, and the furniture was arranged diagonally. Today, no one obliges to follow these customs, but the use of a blue tone in the interior is fully justified.

shades of gray blue
shades of gray blue

Soft shades of blue-gray (Blue-gray) stunningly in harmony with the picturesque furniture and interior items. Such properties are suitable for creating a noble and sophisticated atmosphere, rich with notes of vivacity.

The blue interior evokes cozy associations associated with the vast expanses of the sea and the endless sky. After all, a person, admiring such beauties, experiences peace and tranquility. Blue color evokes a feeling of carelessness, peace and well-being. But it must be remembered that its excess can lead to fatigue.

We hope that thanks to our article you will be able to use blue tones for their intended purpose.