2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
The source of inspiration is the great secret of creativity. It is impossible to explain why the plot is born, where such colors come from, what underlies the inner light and emotional dynamics of the picture. Happy childhood, love and deep connection with the small motherland. Perhaps this filled the work of Alexander Grigoriev.
The start of the journey
The change of centuries is always a premonition of the unknown, the excitement of innovation, the expectation of change. In the family of rural teachers in the village, the Pertnurs probably thought more than once about the future fate of their sons. The twentieth century did not spare Peter and Vladimir - both died on the fields of the Civil War. Alexander lived a long life, having fully experienced the triumph of the creator of a new life and the tragedy of the breaks in history.
The biography of Alexander Grigoriev began traditionally and routinely. After graduating from the Morenovskoye Agricultural School, thirteen-year-old Sasha entered the Kazan Teachers' (Foreigner) Seminary in 1905. The future is seen clear and certain. He is the successor of his father's work,receiving a good education.
Kazan Teachers' Seminary was notable for its innovative approach to education, modern training programs developed by teachers of the seminary. This institution trained teachers for the primary grades of national schools. Bilingual teaching was becoming an urgent need for a multinational empire. A job and a stable salary were guaranteed, since the need for rural teachers in the Volga region is huge.
But the turbulent events of the first Russian revolution made their amendments. Alexander and his comrades organize the release of an illegal handwritten journal and in 1909 join the Socialist-Revolutionary Party. The result of the first revolutionary activity is expulsion from the seminary and sending home - to the Kozmodemyansky district. After the charges were dropped, he graduated from the Kazan Teachers' Seminary in 1910.
Artist Alexander Grigoriev
The first artistic experiences helped to establish myself in my vocation. From 1910 to 1915 Grigoriev is a student of the Kazan Art School. Repeatedly, Alexander's works are exhibited along with paintings by his beloved teacher Nikolai Feshin. The first artist of Mari El, who received a professional education, Grigoriev continues to improve his skills at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.
The turbulent twentieth century again interferes with the plans of the young artist. The First World War and conscription into the tsarist army interrupted training immediately after admission. Alexander Vladimirovich Grigoriev, already a member of the RCP (b), graduated from college in 1917. Vortexrevolutions and love, the excitement of the builder of a new world led to a sharp turn in the biography.
Revolutionary and organizer
In 1919, in the parental home in the village. A young teacher of the Russian language, drawing and history Alexander Grigoriev arrives in Yelasy with his wife Ekaterina. So, in the young republic, both speci alties were used. Soon, A. V. Grigoriev became the head of the education department of the volost, and then the county.
With all the ardor of a revolutionary reformer, he organizes an art workshop and a school, conducts educational work, arranges exhibitions. Creates a local history museum, the art department of which is represented by forty paintings of the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions.
Three years later, Alexander Grigoriev is summoned to Moscow to work in the department of agitation and propaganda of the Central Committee of the RCP (b). Engaged in the development of the fine arts of the Soviet republic, he became one of the organizers of the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia and was elected its chairman for five years in a row. Organizes exhibitions and expositions, now on a national scale. Engaged in the affairs of museums. Represents Soviet fine arts abroad as part of various delegations.
Alexander Vladimirovich is the founder and first chairman of the Union of Soviet Artists, a structure that outlived its creator for decades. He also manages the cooperative organization "Vsekhudozhnik". The only personal exhibition of A. V. Grigoriev was held in the club on the territory of the plant "Kauchuk" in 1935year.
And again, the millstones of the revolution broke the fate of Alexander. The arrest in 1938 excommunicated him from his beloved work for a long 8 years. Released with a loss of rights, Grigoriev was forced to settle outside the capital, in Tarusa.
Gratitude and remembrance
The work of a full member of the State Academy of Arts is presented in the Tretyakov Gallery, in the Russian Museum, in the Museum of the Revolution, exhibited abroad.
The drawings of Sasha Grigoriev, a talented student, will forever remain in the city of his youth - in the Kozmodemyansk Art and History Museum named after Alexander Grigoriev.
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