2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
Vasily Shukshin is one of the most famous Russian writers, actors and directors of the 20th century. Each person who reads his stories finds in them something of his own, close and understandable only to him. One of Shukshin's most famous works is the story "Villagers".
The childhood of the future writer
Vasily Shukshin was born in a small Altai village. His parents were simple peasants. With the beginning of collectivization, the family of the future writer joined the collective farm. Shukshin's father worked honestly, but this did not save him from repression. After graduating from school, the young man entered a technical school. However, he could not finish his studies, because it was necessary to earn a living. Next was the service in the Navy.
The life of an adult Shukshin
Returning home after the service, Shukshin tried himself in several areas, but to no avail. Then the young man decided to enter VGIK. Even becoming a famous actor and director, Shukshin never forgot about his origins. Most of his stories and films were devoted to the village and lifesimple person. Shukshin's story "Villagers" is a vivid example of this.
A year after arriving in Moscow and entering VGIK, Shukshin made his film debut. He starred in a cameo role in the second part of The Quiet Flows the Don. In 1959, the film "Two Fedor" was released. After the release of this tape, Shukshin became a sought-after actor. Films directed by Shukshin also enjoyed the love of the audience.
One of his most famous paintings is “Kalina Krasnaya”. This film was different from all those that Shukshin shot earlier. Before her, Shukshin was perceived as a master of rural prose. It was believed that the main character of his works is always a villager who inevitably changes under the influence of the reality surrounding him.
Vasily Shukshin died on the set of the film "They fought for the Motherland." The works and films created by him are the memory of this great man: writer, actor, director. One of them is the story "Villagers".
The action takes place in the Russian outback. Grandmother Malanya received a letter from her pilot son, Hero of the Soviet Union, in which he invited her to visit Moscow. The son advised his mother to fly by plane, as it would be cheaper. After reading the letter, the grandmother found out from her grandson Shurka, who lived with her, when his next vacation would begin, and left the hut. The boy listened with excitement as Grandmother Malanya was talking to her neighbors, telling them about her son's invitation and asking what was the best thing to do. All the neighbors unanimously urgedMalanyu accept the invitation. After returning, she began to dictate to her grandson the text of the telegram for her son, in order to send it to Moscow later. In the course of work, the boy unsuccessfully tried to explain to his grandmother that it was necessary to write briefly. Otherwise, you will have to pay a lot of money. Grandmother Malanya did not listen to her grandson, mockingly called him "a literate person." As a result, the telegram was written the way the grandmother wanted, and taken to the post office. According to Shurka, about twenty-two rubles will have to be paid for it.
An old woman is a typical villager who is afraid of everything new. City life scares her. So she invited her neighbor with the intention of asking for advice. Egor Lizunov worked as a school supply manager and flew on an airplane several times. The grandmother asked him to tell "everything in order." As a reward, she poured the man homemade beer. During the conversation, Yegor drank a sufficient amount of this alcoholic drink and therefore became tipsy. At first, his story was perceived by an elderly woman as normal, she even asked her grandson to write everything down. Then the drunk Yegor began to scare Malanya with his advice. He talked about sweets that are distributed to all passengers after takeoff. He talked about how he once saw with his own eyes a burning wing of an airplane.
After seeing Yegor off, the woman suggested that Shurka take the train, to which the grandson reasonably remarked that it would cost more, and it would take more time. Then Malanya decided not to go anywhere at all and put her grandson to write a letter to her uncle under her dictation. In it, she said that she changed her mindto fly an airplane when "I consulted with knowledgeable people."
In the process of writing the letter, Shurka added a few lines from himself. He asked his uncle to write a letter to Malanya and explain that flying in an airplane is not as dangerous as Yegor, the supply manager, said. Shurka really wanted to see Moscow with his own eyes, and not be content with information from textbooks on history and geography. So he asked his uncle to convince the old woman. The letter was written, personally signed by Malanya and sent.
This is what the work (authored by Shukshin) "Village Residents" tells about. It is not difficult to briefly retell the story described in the story. It is much harder to convey the talent of the author, who, in a simple and understandable language for all readers, showed the inner world of his characters, their fears and dreams.
Shukshin's story "Villagers" is dedicated to an elderly woman and her grandson. The old woman took care of her grandson, as his mother unsuccessfully tried to establish a personal life. Two of her previous marriages broke up, the third also passed the test of strength. An elderly woman took her grandson to her so that he could grow up in a normal environment. Grandmother Malanya is a villager. The city and everything connected with it caused her fears. Therefore, the advice of her fellow villagers is so important to her. The author gave her a description - "energetic, wiry, noisy, very inquisitive." Shurka resembled her outwardly, but had the opposite character. The boy, like the author himself in childhood, was inquisitive, but at the same time shy, modest andtouchy.
Shukshin's works leave no one indifferent. All readers note that short stories, the main character of which is a villager, are imbued with love for the village and those who live in it. People in their reviews note that they want to re-read Shukshin's books again and again, because in small works such important topics for each person as dreams, morality, morality, the meaning of life are raised. Many readers write that Shukshin's hero, a villager, is attracted to them because they themselves live in the village and perfectly understand what the author wanted to say.
Vasily Shukshin is a master of the Russian word. From his pen came out wonderful stories about ordinary people living in the countryside. One of his short stories is "Villagers". The summary gives a general idea of the work of Shukshin and his talent.
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