2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
Azerbaijani literature originates from the very birth of the state. The works of early writers use the languages of the Ogur subgroups: Turkic, Caucasian and other dialects. At first, Azerbaijani literature and poetics did not have their own written language and existed only in oral form. The progenitor of Azerbaijani literature is the heroic epic of an unknown author about grandfather Korkud.
The book of my grandfather Korkud
Today it is difficult to say who owns the authorship of this work. It was written down around the 9th century, and found a printed form only by the 14th century. "Kitabi dede Korkud" is a complex poetic work, consisting of an introduction and 18 tales, divided into two parts (Dresden and Vatican). Each part has its own plot and the same characters. It is called the Azerbaijani version of Homer's Iliad.
The main characters are the Oghuz Khan Bayandur and hissons. The first tale is entirely devoted to the praise of the great commander, his skills and strength are sung as divine. Most of the work tells about the structure of the Oghuz tribes, their traditions and folk tales. The names of many ancient settlements of Azerbaijan are also mentioned: cities, fortresses, fortifications and villages.
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The poet who brought Azerbaijani literature to a new level. One of the founders of the oriental style, V-g.webp
From an early age, the Azerbaijani poet began to study languages. He was fluent in Arabic and Persian. In addition to his main activities, he was engaged in astronomy and the study of space. Due to the outbreak of civil strife, he was forced to leave his native city and move to the khanate of Karabakh. Since the poet was extremely educated, he began teaching and opened his own school in the city of Shusha. By 1770, the Karabakh khan Mirza Jamal noticed him and took him to serve as a vizier.
Throughout his life, the Azerbaijani poet and writer was engaged in the construction and maintenance of schools, hospitals, and paid great attention to creative activity. In 1797 there was a violent change of power, and the great poet was executed. He left behind a huge cultural heritage, forever writing his name in history.
In the history of Azerbaijanithe poet entered as the khan of poets. In his works, he raised topics about the hopelessness of the human situation, the relationship between good and evil.
Vidadi, look at these callous hearts, And for the time that rushes forward without end, look!
To the fate that the villain was suddenly razed to the ground, And look at righteous anger, look at the right hand of the creator!
On the powerlessness of the one whose lamp went out in the morning, And yesterday I evoked the worship of a flatterer - look!
And on this arrogant head that fell to dust
She no longer wears a golden crown - look!
On the one who ordered me to be executed without mercy, Look at the one who turned him into a dead man!
The shah needs four nails for the coffin board, Look at the one who saved the blacksmith from death!
Let Agha Mohammed serve as an example of the fall, The luxurious walls of the palace are empty - look!
Don't look at girlfriend and friend, son and daughter.
Look at the creator of the almighty as a father!
O Vagif, before your eyes the Prophet Mohammed, Look at the chosen one of God and the wise man!
Seid Azim Shirvani
One of the best poets of the dawn of Azerbaijani culture, Seyid Azim Shirvani was born on May 9, 1835 in the city of Shamakhi. His parents were spiritual figures and took care of the child from early childhood. But later he became interested in secular issues, which made him an ardent opponent of the entire Azerbaijani clergy. The poet received his higher education inBaghdad, after which he went to Egypt.
The well-known Azerbaijani poet began his activity with the founding of the literary association "House of the Pure", gathering around him the most progressive and educated representatives of the culture of that time. Among the works are works in the classical genres for the East: rubai, marsia, kysydy. His parables and teachings are of great importance for contemporaries: many writers of our days still consider him their teacher. In the works he often used satire and acute social humor. The most famous and cited works are: "Satan", "Bribe to God", "The Funeral of a Dog", "The Miser". The poems of the Azerbaijani poet in Russian are widely popular.
One joker to the miser
He said, laughing in his heart:
I had a strange dream.
Tell me "Good afternoon!"
Well, goodbye, The sweetest person!”
So know: in your house
I ate a churek in my sleep!”
From horror in a sweat
The miser hurries home, Got in and got divorced
With a frightened wife.
Having learned about Kazi
Said: “Having driven away my wife, You might be right
But prove guilty!”
O righteous qazi, So-and-so, name, Dare in my house
Eat a churek in a dream!
I can't forgive;
My soul is on fire!
I pray for my wife, Everything like me.
To take care of my house
Stronger than a castle
So that my breadand in a dream
No one could find it!
Otherwise - fly away, Like fluff, my goodness.
Skein! Here's why
I punished her!"
Huseyn Abdullah oglu Rasizadeh (Huseyn Javid)
The brightest representative of Azerbaijani romanticism. He was a prominent literary figure of the 20th century, popular all over the world. Serious problems of those times are raised in his works. In the poetry of Hussein Javid, a line of humanism and philosophical reflections on peace and war can be traced. He described the destruction his homeland suffered as "black hell" and "monstrous noise". The contrast of the two eras in which he lived was described in the works "The Devil", "Khayyam", "Siyavush":
And for the poet, the worst day has come, Moloch took him as a victim
Closed the unfortunate death curtain, The soul ascended the eternal pedestal.
Leaving the ill-fated, cold Magadan, Your ashes covered your native Nakhichevan.
Azerbaijani poet was born on October 24, 1882 in Nakhichevan. The love for folk art was passed on to him from his grandfather, who, although he was engaged in arable farming, was very fond of poetry. There were many educated people in his family - each of the seven brothers was engaged in educational activities.
The poet was an ardent revolutionary. This was the cause of death - after the arrest, Huseyn Javid was shot. After himself, he left many works, contemporaries call him the most influential revolutionary writer of the East. Poems by Azerbaijani poetRussian is still quite popular.
Samed Yusif ogly Vekilov (Samed Vurgun)
A poet who worked during the Soviet Union. Known for being a co-author of the anthem of the Azerbaijan SSR. He was a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the first People's Poet of Azerbaijan and the winner of two Stalin Prizes in the field of literature for the works "Komsomol Poem", "Riot", "Lost Love" and "Gallows".
Hurry people around, engaged in the whirlpool, forgetting what is in their souls
there are places not for personal concerns.
The author was born in Yukhara Salahly (Kazakh region of the Republic of Azerbaijan). The poet lost his mother early, he was only six years old. This sad moment will be reflected in the future works of Samed Vurgun. After leaving school he entered the seminary, then became a teacher. For a long time he taught at school and university. Traveled to Cuba, where he continued to engage in creative and educational activities.
The Great Patriotic War played a key role in the work of Samed Vurhun. Thanks to the works on this topic, he was awarded many awards, received recognition from the Soviet people and authorities.
Ramiz Mammadali ogly Rovshan
The most famous Azerbaijani screenwriter, translator and writer of our time. He created many scientific and literary works, essays, poems. In 1981 he joined the Azerbaijan Unionwriters, where he continues to work to this day. During his life, he published only two collections of poems: "Breath" and "The sky does not hold a stone." Best known as a playwright and director.
The poet was born after the war, in 1946. Now he is 71 years old, but he continues to engage in social activities. At home, he is known for his translations. Thanks to him, people in Azerbaijan know about Yesenin, Mayakovsky and Tsvetaeva. Many films have been made based on his own works.
I don't rely on people
Creator - above the actors, He who stands above all deaths, Suddenly remember - again I will appear in the world.
A broken toy in hell
I'll fall into his hands, He will heal my dumbness-
And I'll sing again.
The Azerbaijani poet gained fame far beyond his native land. His poems are published in many languages of the world - the works of Ramiz Rovshan are published in the territory of the former USSR, the USA and in Germany. Poems of the Azerbaijani poet in Russian are published in several editions.
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