2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
It is believed that a person has only five ways to perceive the world around him. They are familiar to everyone: sight, smell, touch, taste, hearing. In fact, there are many more, although all the others can be more difficult to study in order to understand how they work. This is a sense of being in space, and the ability to maintain balance, as well as a sense of rhythm. For some they are better developed, for others they are worse. But they can be worked with, and can be done even with very young children.
What is rhythm?
In different areas, this term is understood as different, albeit having much in common, phenomena. Rhythm in music is a sequence of sounds and pauses that follow each other at a certain frequency. This phenomenon accompanies every person from birth to death. Breathing, heartbeat, the change of seasons and day and night - all this is characterized by rhythm, which was naturally transferred to other spheres of life, and most clearly manifested itself in music. And it happened a long time ago.
There is even a special group of instruments - percussion, which are primarily responsible forsetting the pace for everyone else when it comes to the ensemble. Throughout history, many experiments have been carried out by composers and mathematicians, many theories of musical rhythm have been built and destroyed, and disputes have not subsided so far. But what is the basis of a person's ability to reproduce not always a simple sequence of sounds?
Feeling the beat
Before being born, the baby hears his mother's heartbeat, conversations. At this moment, his sense of rhythm is laid and begins to develop. In the future, this will largely determine his life, what he will do, and what will not turn out so well. This can still be influenced, but the foundations will be laid at this time. Therefore, during this period, it is so important to listen to good music, read poetry aloud - the fetus perceives all this perfectly.
The sense of rhythm largely determined the development of music at its initial stage. Percussion instruments became the first instruments known at the dawn of mankind. To their sounds, people danced, calling for rain, begging the gods to save the harvest, bringing gifts, performing various rituals. And with the development of civilization, this important feeling has not been lost. Later, the rhythm in music developed, acquiring more complex forms, various melodies were superimposed on it. In a word, it has not lost its significance even today.
What do you need
Dancing, playing music, singing, reading poetry, even in ordinary everyday speech there is a certain rhythm! It is absolutely indispensable, even when it comes to elementary activities. Of course, one can live without a sense of rhythm, although this seriously limits a person in some areas.
For example, even with absolute pitch, a person simply cannot play music without a sense of rhythm. Languages, both native and foreign, are much more difficult. This may be expressed in the impossibility of gracefully expressing one's thoughts, the speech will sound unnatural, "torn". Memory may also be impaired, some clumsiness is noticeable - in a word, a person misses a lot of interesting things for himself. Therefore, such an important feeling cannot be neglected.
How to develop?
As already mentioned, the sense of rhythm is laid in utero. Therefore, the first classes can begin already at this stage. The expectant mother can do special exercises by playing musical instruments or reciting poetry.
Already soon after birth, you can expand the set of activities. Children under one year old already love to play "patties", clap, repeat after adults. There are a huge number of nursery rhymes with which our great-grandmothers nursed children, but which remain relevant today. The constant communication of parents with the child, the special construction of phrases in poetry, rhymes - all this contributes to the development of the baby. So, what are the ways to stimulate the development of a sense of rhythm in a child? Which of them can be used at different ages?
There are a huge number of different ways to develop musical abilities. Some ofof them are intended for kids, others - for professional artists. They differ in levels of difficulty and the very principles of learning. If you constantly do these exercises, the sense of rhythm will develop. Yes, oddly enough, even with the most modest initial abilities, you can achieve very high results if you practice regularly and diligently.
By the way, in kindergartens and elementary schools there is even a special discipline - rhythm. It helps even the smallest to feel the possibilities of their body, move to the beat of the music and release energy. The combination of several methods at once gives amazing results. During the classes, children listen to music, dance, do exercises like "Clap your hands" and learn through play. So, what is suitable for self-study at home?
Poetry and music
Classic tracks are great for toddlers. You can listen to them even when the child has not yet been born. The same is with poetry - the works of Agniya Barto, Marshak and Chukovsky are easy to remember and familiar at least a little to any modern mother, to say nothing of grandmothers. Up to 3-5 years old, children are interested in both listening and repeating rhymed lines after their parents. At the same time, not only the sense of rhythm is trained, but also auditory and associative memory. This is very helpful.
Music for kids can also be different. It can be songs from familiar cartoons, and sometimes it's interesting to just repeat the same verses in a singsong voice. There are even special collections thatIt will be nice to listen to adults too. Children quickly memorize them and begin to sing themselves, which also contributes to an intuitive understanding of what rhythm is in music.
Playing various instruments, like singing, also helps development. Children's pianos and xylophones can eventually be replaced with real ones or something else can be chosen: flute, drums, guitar, etc. Even if there is no special talent in this area, singing and playing at an amateur level can please the child, help develop him musical ability - the main thing is not to force him to it.
Another great exercise is suitable for children who have reached an age when it is easier for them to focus on the lesson for at least 5-10 minutes. The game "Clap your hands" should begin with simple "palms", then an adult can ask the child to repeat the rhythm beaten by him - at first simple, and then more and more difficult. This will teach the child to carefully follow the sequence of sounds and pauses and try to reproduce them. When he learns to repeat well, you can complicate the task, pay attention to the duration of the pauses and the intensity of the claps. This innovation will only make the game more interesting.
Children up to 8-10 years old and even older can work with very complex and long variations, it will also be useful for them. At this age, it is already quite possible to try to reproduce the rhythmic pattern of your favorite songs, especially if the child is already learning to play a musical instrument.
Another area in which you need to feel the rhythm in music and life is movement. It is impossible to dance beautifully and organically if you do not feel the accompaniment. But learning is necessary. And dancing is a great way to understand how the body moves, how its muscles work, to realize the principles by which music is built. Therefore, it is not necessary to limit children in self-expression in this way. Dancing in any of their manifestations will only benefit - it develops the body, imagination and sense of rhythm. On the contrary, it is worth inventing games on this basis. For example, a child of 4-6 years old can be offered to portray some animal to the music. At the same time, you can clap and stomp to the beat of the melody.
Serious amateurs and professionals, of course, need a well-developed sense of rhythm. The most effective exercise for them is recognized as playing under a metronome - a special device that sets the pace. Constant long-term training hone skills, which is especially important for drums, bass guitar, but other performers can't do without it. It is especially difficult when it comes to any ensemble. It can be difficult for people to adapt to each other, while not making mistakes in the work. In order for everything to work out, joint rehearsals are held, in which, over and over again, the musicians repeat passages, polishing the slightest roughness and bringing them to perfection. And without a sense of rhythm, this is simply impossible.
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