2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 09:26
The word "painting" comes from the Russian words "live" and "write", the phrase "live letter" is obtained. Painting as an art form means the image of the real world, drawn with the help of improvised materials (pencils, paints, plasticine, etc.) on flat surfaces. We can say that the projection of the real world through the prism of the artist's imagination is painting.
Types of painting
This type of fine art is replete with a variety of types and techniques of depicting reality, which depend not only on the technique of performing the artist's work and the materials used, but also on the content and semantic message of creativity. In order to convey feelings, emotions and thoughts, the artist primarily uses the rules of the game with color and light: the ratio of color shades and the play of highlights and shadows. Thanks to this secret, the paintings come out really alive.
To achieve this effect, you need to skillfully use colorful materials. Therefore, painting, the types of which depend ondrawing techniques and types of paint, can use watercolor, oil, tempera, pastel, gouache, wax, acrylic, etc. It all depends on the desire of the artist.
In fine arts, there are the following main types of painting:
1. monumental painting. From the very name of this type of art it emanates that the creation will live for many centuries. This type implies a symbiosis of architecture and fine arts. Monumental painting can most often be seen in religious temples: these are painted walls, vaults, arches and ceilings. When the drawing and the building itself become one, such works have a deep meaning and carry a global cultural value. Frescoes more and more often fall under this type of painting. They, as a rule, are made not only with paints, but also with ceramic tiles, glass, colored stones, shell rock, etc.
2. Easel painting. Types of such fine art are very common and accessible to any artist. For a painting to be considered easel, the creator will need a canvas (easel) and a frame for it. Thus, the picture will be independent, and there is no difference where and in what architectural structure it is located.
3. Decorative and applied painting. The types and forms of expression of creativity are limitless, and this type of art can serve as proof. Decorative and applied arts have existed for more than one thousand years: these are home decorations, painting dishes, creating souvenirs, painting fabrics, furniture, etc. The essence of creativity is tothe object and the drawing on it became one. It is considered bad taste when an artist depicts a completely inappropriate drawing on an object.
4. Theatrical and decorative painting implies a visual design for theatrical performances, as well as cinema. This type of art allows the viewer to more accurately understand and accept the image of a play, play or film.
In the theory of art, it is also important to highlight the genres of painting, each of which has its own characteristics:
- Still life.
These are the main genres of painting that have existed for a long time in the history of art. But progress does not stand still. Every year the list of genres grows and increases. Thus, abstraction and fantasy, minimalism, etc. appeared.
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