2023 Author: Leah Sherlock | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 12:28
Lyrics is a kind of literature, which is characterized mainly by the expression of thoughts, feelings and emotions of the subject, gravitates towards the poetic form. The famous literary critic A. N. Veselovsky owns the theory that the lyrics come from the ancient ritual choir. In most lyrical works there is no event sequence, in other words, the lyrics focus not on actions, but on their experience. In modern literary criticism, philosophical lyrics, civil, love, landscape are distinguished. We will talk about the first variety in more detail.
In works of this kind, the predominant motives are reflections on the meaning of life, how the Universe works, what place man occupies in nature and the Cosmos. This genre is characterized by in-depth psychologism, the desire of the lyrical hero for self-knowledge, self-disclosure. In general, there is an attitude towards metaphor. Often poems are built on the basis of allegory. Philosophical lyrics pay close attention to the eternal questions of being. Such ideas can be presented both in a veiled form and openly.be declared by the author.
Philosophical lyrics were a favorite genre of such great poets as A. S. Pushkin, M. Yu. Lermontov, F. I. Tyutchev, V. S. Solovyov, A. A. Fet. Let's consider some of them separately.
Tyutchev's Poems: Philosophical Lyrics
As the first Russian poet, who put the issues of the world order at the forefront, literary critics call Tyutchev. It is characteristic that his lyrical hero does not tend to follow any particular position, he is trying to find himself, to determine his place in the universe. Pantheism, that is, the deification of nature, is one of the most striking features of Tyutchev's work. Researchers divide all his works into three periods. In the 1830s - 1860s, the lyrical hero evaluates himself as part of a huge, powerful force, animates the elements, strives to merge with them. By the end of the 60s, the motives of fatigue, confusion, disbelief were growing. Tyutchev's man feels his insignificance, helplessness. However, since 1871, the poet overcomes these moods and finds the strength to accept the world.
A. S. Pushkin
When analyzing this genre, one should emphasize the huge place occupied by Pushkin's philosophical lyrics. His poems reflect all human states: from idle, reckless youth to the harmonious flowering of maturity. Throughout his life, the poet did not stop looking for answers to fundamental questions. Themes such as the connection of generations, the change of eras, the role of the creator in society run through all his work. In the early philosophical poems of Pushkin, the strong influence of Batyushkov is noticeable: enjoyment of life, epicureanism, all the pleasures of youth - this is what makes life worth living. However, after a few years, a turning point occurs. Byron and Napoleon are the new idols of the young man. It is natural that his new ideals are reflected in the poems: the futility, the meaninglessness of human existence, the all-encompassing loneliness of each person. Nevertheless, in maturity, the poet managed to find harmony: death is not the end for him, but just one link in an endless cycle.
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The poetry of Afanasy Afanasyevich, romantic in its origins, is, as it were, a link between the work of Vasily Zhukovsky and Alexander Blok. The later poems of the poet gravitated towards the Tyutchev tradition. Fet's main lyrics are love and landscape